What Is The Exam Pattern of UPSC exam

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One of the most often requested questions amongst authorities activity aspirants is “What is UPSC Exam? UPSC Exam also called IAS Exam. The UPSC Civil Services Examination(CSE) is one among the examinations carried out via means of the Union Public Service Commission to recruit appropriate applicants for civil offerings of India inclusive of IAS, IPS, IFS, and different allied offerings. This exam is administered in 3 stages, specifically UPSC Prelims, UPSC Main,  and therefore the character Test or UPSC Interview.

The first segment of the IAS Exam is the UPSC Preliminary Examination that’s the screening check and as a result, is qualifying in nature. The rating acquired within the UPSC Prelims examination isn’t calculated withinside the very last merit. The IAS Prelims test paper includes papers that are objective-kind MCQ-primarily based totally rather than UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam. The Exam Pattern of the UPSC Exam may be a  descriptive examination including 9 papers.

Exam Pattern of UPSC Exam Syllabus 

The Exam Pattern of the UPSC Exam follows a comprehensive syllabus for the paperwork included in the UPSC Pre-Exams and therefore the UPSC network exam. 

General Studies Paper-I

The IAS syllabus for the UPSC pre-examination covers  the subsequent  topics:

  • Current events of national and international importance. 
  • History of India  and therefore the  Indian National Movement. 
  • Governance – legal issues, etc.
  • General topics of Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity, and global climate change  – which do not require specialisation in General Science subjects.

General Studies Paper-II

The GS-II at UPSC Prelims is additionally known as the CSAT, or Public Service Aptitude Test. GS-II is also included in the Exam Pattern of UPSC Exam.

The following topics are included in the IAS syllabus for this document:

  • Understanding Interpersonal skills
  • Including communication skills Reasoning
  • Analytical skills  deciding  
  • Problem-solving
  • General intellectual ability 
  • Basic arithmetic (numbers and their relationships, orders of magnitude, etc., – grade X level), data interpretation (tables, graphs, charts, sufficient data, etc., – grade X level).

UPSC Examination Schedule 

There are 7 papers in the Exam Pattern of UPSC Exam, The following details are all about the Exam Pattern of UPSC Exam 7 papers given below:

PAPER-I Essay Exam 

Candidates could also be required to write essays on a variety of topics.  they’re expected to organise their ideas neatly and write concisely. Credit is given for effective and accurate printouts. This Paper is one of the first papers in the Exam Pattern of UPSC Exam. 

PAPER-II General Studies-I

Indian Culture will cover the top art forms, literature and architecture from ancient times.

This Paper is one of the second papers in the Exam Pattern of UPSC Exam. 

  • Modern Indian History from about the mid-18th century to this  – significant events, personalities, themes. 
  • The struggle for freedom – its various stages and key contributors/contributions from different parts of the country. 
  • Consolidation and reorganization after independence within the country.
  • World history includes events from the 18th century,  like the Industrial Revolution, world wars, redrawing of national borders, colonisation, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism, etc., and their forms and impact on society.
  • Prominent Features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. The role of girls and women’s organizations, population and related problems, poverty and development problems, urbanization, their problems and their remedy. 
  • Outstanding features of the physiography of the world. 
  • Distribution of important natural resources round the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary and tertiary sector industries in several parts of the world (including India); Major geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic activity, hurricanes, etc. Geographical features and therefore their location: Changes in critical geographical features (including bodies of water and ice caps) and in flora and fauna and the impact of such changes.

PAPER-III General Studies-II

  • Indian Constitution. This Paper is one of the third papers in the Exam Pattern of UPSC Exam. 
  • Roles and responsibilities of the Union and States, issues and challenges associated with the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances to local levels, and related challenges. 
  • Parliament and Diets: structure, working methods, management, powers and privileges, and problems arising from them.
  • Outstanding features of the People’s Representation Act. 
  • Appointed to varied constitutional offices, powers, functions, and responsibilities of varied constitutional bodies, government policies, and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising from their design and implementation. 
  • Centre and State well-being plans for vulnerable populations and implementation of these plans; Mechanisms, laws, institutions, and bodies to guard and improve these vulnerable sectors. 
  • Issues associated with the development and management of the sector/social services in the field of health, education, and human resources. 
  • Problems associated with poverty and hunger.
  • Key Aspects of Governance, Transparency, and Accountability, Electronic Governance: Applications,  Models, Achievements, Limitations and Potentials; Citizens’ charters, transparency, and accountability,  and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of Public Service during a  Democracy.
  • India and its Neighbourhood: Relations.Impact of the policies and policies of developed and developing countries on the interests of India, the Indian diaspora. 

PAPER-IV General Studies-III

  • Indian economy and issues associated with planning, resource mobilization, growth, development, and employment. Inclusive growth and consequent problems. This Paper is one of the fourth papers in the Exam Pattern of UPSC Exam. 
  • State budget Cultivation patterns of main crops  in several  parts of the country,  differing types  of irrigation and irrigation systems, storage, transportation and marketing of agricultural products and related problems and restrictions ;
  • Electronic technology helps farmers address issues  associated with  direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; 
  • Public distribution system: objectives, operation, limits, modernization;  buffer and food safety issues; technological missions; economy of animal husbandry.
  • Food Processing and Related Industries in India: Scope and Importance, Location, Before and After Requirements, Supply Chain Management.
  • Land Reforms in India. 
  • Infrastructure: energy, ports, highways, airports, railways, etc. 
  • Investment models. Science and Technology: Developments and their Applications and Implications in lifestyle  Indian Achievements in Science and Technology; Indigenization of technology and development of new technologies. 
  • Awareness in  IT, space, computing, robotics, nanotechnology, biotechnology and property issues. 
  • Environmental Protection, Pollution and Environmental Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment  Disasters and Management Disasters.
  • Relationships between the emergence and spread of extremism. 
  • Internal security challenges posed by communication networks, the role of media and social networks in internal security challenges, basic concepts of cyber security;  concealment  and its prevention.

PAPER-V General Studies-IV

  • Human Values, Etc. This Paper is one of the fifth papers in the Exam Pattern of UPSC Exam. 
  • Setting: content, structure, function; its influence and reference to thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence and belief. 
  • Aptitude and core values ​​for public service, integrity, impartiality, and impartiality, objectivity, commitment to public service, empathy, tolerance, and compassion towards the foremost vulnerable sectors. 
  • Emotional intelligence concepts and their utility and application in administration and governance. 
  • Public/civil service values ​​and ethics publicly administration: status and issues; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; Laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical orientation; accountability and ethical leadership; strengthening ethical and moral values ​​in governance; ethical issues in diplomacy and finance; Corporate governance Honesty in corporate governance. 
  • Concept of public service; Philosophical Foundations of  Governance and Integrity; 
  • Information sharing and transparency in government, right to information, codes of ethics, codes of conduct, citizens’ charters, work culture, quality of service delivery, use of public funds, and challenges of corruption. Case studies on the above problems.


Exam I and Exam II (250 points each) List of Optional Subjects for UPSC Exam (Major) Optional subjects are extremely important for the UPSC exam because they represent 500 points out of a total of 1750 points. There are over 45 optional subject options, including several literature subject options for the IAS exam. Here is the list of all optional subjects available for the UPSC exam. This Paper is one of the sixth and seventh papers in the Exam Pattern of UPSC Exam. 

  • Agriculture
  • Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  • Anthropology
  • Botany
  • Chemistry
  • Civil Engineering
  • Commerce and Accountancy
  • Economics
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Geography
  • Geology
  • History
  • Law
  • Management
  • Mathematics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Medical Science
  • Philosophy
  • Physics
  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Psychology
  • Public Administration
  • Sociology
  • Statistics
  • Zoology

References  within the  following languages ​​are also  part of the UPSC  Mains Exam Electives from which you can select the most appropriate UPSC Exam Elective:

  • Assamese
  • Bengali
  • Bodo
  • Dogri
  • Gujarati
  • Hindi
  • Kannada
  • Kashmiri
  • Konkani
  • Maithili
  • Malayalam
  • Manipuri
  • Marathi
  • Nepali
  • Odia
  • Punjabi
  • Sanskrit
  • Santhali
  • Sindhi
  • Tamil
  • Telugu
  • Urdu
  • English

Interview/Personality Test 

  • For Interview/Personality Test (275 points). 
  • Candidates selected after the UPSC Mains exam proceeds to the subsequent and final phase of the IAS exam called the Personality Test/Interview. Here, candidates are interviewed by a competent and impartial panel. This board will have the candidate’s DAF (Detailed Application Form) with them. 
  • The round of interviews is conducted to assess the candidate’s social characteristics and interest in current events. The purpose of the interview is to analyze the applicant’s personal suitability for a career in public service. 
  • Candidates can give interviews within the language of their choice as the UPSC takes care of the translators.

UPSC Exam Preparation 

The IAS exam is one of the most difficult exams in India due to the extensive UPSC syllabus and fierce competition. However, with structured preparation and therefore the right guidance,  you’ll pass the UPSC exam on the first try.  We’ve outlined a step-by-step preparation strategy to prepare for the UPSC exam.  This may also provide an answer on how to pass the UPSC exam on the first try. Let’s examine a step-by-step UPSC exam preparation strategy. 

Step 1: Familiarise yourself with the exam. Read the UPSC notice carefully. See UPSC exam template and exam syllabus. Review the documents from the previous year to adequately understand the character of the questions asked on the exam.

Step 2: Strengthen your foundation. Start with Kingsmarkers IAS Academy. Download the relevant titles from the Kingsmarkers IAS Academy official website. Its main UPSC coaching centre is in Chennai. 

Step 3: Update your knowledge with standard books. Read the books a minimum of twice, then jot your handwritten notes to use at a later time!

Step 4: Practice writing answers. Save your weekends off to review thoroughly everything you learned during the week.

Step 5: Study-supported mock tests take a mock test at the same time, which is analogous to a real exam,  then discuss it. Find your performance weak areas and review the concepts that require to be revised.


Although the UPSC CSE  may be a  very competitive exam, it is often easily beaten by following a proper preparation strategy. Many of the primary in their interviews indicate that they started with an understanding of the exam pattern and syllabus. Students had better use this text to understand the exam pattern. and syllabus and best use it to make a roadmap for your preparation.

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Frequently Asked Questions

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts several exams throughout the year for various government posts, including the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), and Indian Foreign Service (IFS). The paper pattern for these exams is as follows:

  1. Civil Services (Preliminary) Exam
  2. Civil Services (Main) Exam
  3. Interview

The seven descriptive papers of the UPSC Civil Services (Main) Exam are as follows:

  1. Essay
  2. General Studies Paper I
  3. General Studies Paper II
  4. General Studies Paper III
  5. General Studies Paper IV
  6. Optional Paper I
  7. Optional Paper II

A minimum qualifying marks for the interview stage is determined by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) each year based on the number of vacancies and the total marks obtained by the candidates in the written examination. The minimum qualifying marks for the interview are usually around 275 out of a total of 500 marks for the interview and written examination combined.