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United Nations Security Council (UNSC) -India

United Nations Security

UPSC CSE MAINS SYLLABUS – GS – 2- Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.. .

UNSC – India

Temporary to permanent seat:

  • Whenever India takes a seat at the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), there is excitement about the possibility of it translating into permanent membership.
  • When holding one of the rotating seats, it is a sensible ambition to make the case, through diplomatic accomplishments, for being a permanent member. But expanding SC is a difficult process.
  • At present, the window of opportunity for SC reform is closed. Not one of the Permanent Five (P5) members is interested in its expansion.
  • After a year of battling with nature, much of the world sees multilateral responses to climate and health as the heart of UN reform and SC expansion as a quixotic quest.

Traditional agenda:

  • India’s agenda sensibly focuses on what is optically useful and realistically possible.
  • New Delhi has a traditional multilateral agenda, which revolves around counterterrorism, peacekeeping, trade, and, negatively, opposition to an intrusive human rights regime.
  • Much of this remains relevant, but the coming years should allow India to take up new issues.

New Issues:

  • Climate, public health, maritime security and digital standards stand out among the century’s new challenges.
  • Much of this is on the fringes of the UN, but there will be considerable spillover.
  • Global climate cooperation still uses the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change as its foundational understanding.
  • India has made nascent multilateral contributions in this space, such as the International Solar Alliance, but needs to become more involved in rules-setting.
  • New Delhi has called for reform of the World Health Organization, but is yet to provide details.
  • Maritime security is increasingly intertwined with the need to uphold the UN Law of the Sea against the revanchist tendencies of China.
  • Global trade will increasingly be about data, a domain where India’s capabilities and policies will win points with other developing countries.

Way forward:

  • Whatever the opposition put up by China, if India shows it has the diplomatic skills to get other countries to work together, the case for it being a permanent member will become irrefutable.
  • Multilateralism is the most difficult form of diplomacy, and SC membership, even if non-permanent, is among the best platforms to display India’s abilities.

POSSIBLE UPSC MAINS QUESTION:

As India enters the UNSC, New Delhi must focus on what is feasible and show its abilities. Elaborate.

Source:”Indian Express”.