Syllabus GS II Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. 

1.What are the major reasons behind the prohibition of liquor in Indian states?  Discuss the counter arguments against prohibiting liquor

Ban on alcohol has become an electoral issue in recent times with various political parties and leaders advocating complete prohibition, especially to garner support of women voters. However the chequered success rate of such bans warrants a fundamental rethink of the approach.

Reasons behind the prohibition of liquor:

Arguments against the blanket ban on liquor:

Prohibition of liquor is not the ideal solution to check overuse of alcohol and curbing its harmful impact. On the contrary, multiple studies have shown that prohibition proves to be counter productive. The focus of the policy-makers should be on promoting moderation and temperance.

~Source The Hindu

Syllabus GS II Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. 

2.Explain the steps to eliminate Hepatitis by 2030 and also discuss transitional targets in eliminating Hepatitis.

On this World Hepatitis Day, the World Health Organisation (WHO) is highlighting the need to bring hepatitis care closer to the people in need. This means making hepatitis care available, affordable and accessible to all without discrimination. This is crucial in the quest to eliminate viral hepatitis as a public health threat by 2030, a global target. Elimination would translate to 90% reduction in incidence and 65% reduction in mortality by 2030, compared to the corresponding figures of 2015.

Steps to reduce eliminate the Hepatitis:

Transitional targets helping in eliminating hepatitis:

We must act together with communities and all stakeholders for a future free of hepatitis. This will lay a firm foundation for a healthier, more equitable and more prosperous world.

~Source The Hindu