UPSC CSE Mains Syllabus: GS-2-  Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the
performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the
protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

South Asian Migrant crisis

Problems faced by them:

India specific:

Rehabilitate, reintegrate, and resettle:

The countries of origin are now faced with the challenge of rehabilitating, reintegrating, and resettling these migrant workers.

Anti-migrant sentiment in the Gulf:

Dilemma for South Asia:

Countries that are sending migrant workers abroad are caught between the promotion of migration, on the one hand, and the protection of migrant rights in increasingly hostile countries receiving migrants, on the other.

Way forward:

Source:”Indian Express”.


The South Asian, especially Indian, labour force forms the backbone of the Gulf economies; however, they now face various problems due to the COVID – 19 pandemic. Elaborate. What efforts are needed to effectively prevent a migrant crisis?