UPSC CSE Mains Syllabus: GS-2- Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

The Rajya Sabha was created on April 3, 1952. Before its creation, the second chamber underwent severe prenatal scrutiny in the Constituent Assembly. The proposal for a bicameral central legislature for the country was discussed at length, with deep divisions between the proponents and opponents.


From these debates among the leading members of the Constituent Assembly finally emerged the Council of States and its mandate.

Bicameralism earlier:




The U.S. Constitution-makers were influenced by the proposition of the renowned French philosopher Montesquieu who said, “The legislative body being composed of two parts, they check one another by the mutual privilege of rejecting”.Walter Bagehot later noted that the retarding chamber will impede minor instances of parliamentary tyranny.

Opposition to creation of Rajya Sabha: Constituent Assembly Debates

The role of the Upper House is to be a deliberative body besides balancing the “fickleness and passion” of the elected House. – James 1950, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, the first Chairman of the Rajya Sabha, while replying to the felicitations on becoming the Chairman, said that Parliament is not only a legislative body but also a deliberative one which enables the members to debate major issues of public importance. 

Support for Rajya Sabha – Constituent Assembly Debates

Thus Rajya Sabha enables a second and reflective expression of representative opinion besides checking the propensity to yield to the impulse of sudden and violent passions.

Source:” The Hindu“.

Possible UPSC CSE Mains Question:

Discuss the constitutional basis for the creation of the Rajya Sabha. Is it a clog in the wheel of progress of the nation?