UPSC CSE – SYLLABUS – GS – 3- Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.

Linkages between development and spread of extremism.


There is no proper definition for radicalisation. It is generally understood as a process whereby people adopt extremist belief systems—including the willingness to use, encourage or facilitate violence—with the aim of promoting an ideology, political project or cause as a means of social transformation.

Radicalization leading to violence may take diverse forms depending on the context and time period, and may be associated with different causes or ideologies.

Types of Radicalisation :

Scenario & challenges:

What is needed:

Radicalisation is a threat to the nation, it’s unity and diversity and hence needs to be eradicated.

Source:” – “


What do you know about radicalisation? Explain with its types. Discuss the scenario and challenges of radicalisation in India. How could this be eradicated?