UPSC CSE Mains Syllabus: GS-1- Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

Push for Assamese language – threat to diversity?

In news:

Why such decision:

Impact on tribal languages:

The imposition of Assamese has had adverse effects on tribal languages, especially on those which do not enjoy any constitutional protection. Tribal languages are generally on a steady decline.

For instance,

  1. The Mising tribereported a rate of increase of 41.13% in the number of speakers in the 2001 Census, by 2011 it was merely 14.28%.
  2. Similarly, the Deoriswhich reported a decadal increase of 56.19% in the 2001 Census, the increase percentage by 2011 had declined to 15.79%.
  3. It is to be noted that only the Dibongiya clan of the Deorisnow speak the language.
  4. The Rabhas communityreported an increase of 18.23% in the number of speakers in the 2001 Census. By 2011, the number of speakers had decreased to -15.04%, almost completely obliterating the language.
  5. Other tribes such as the Sonowal-Kacharis and Tiwashave almost completely lost their languages.

Tribal communities since long have been demanding linguistic and territorial protection and attention from the State government.

Case with Mising language:

Actual implementation:

Against Homogenisation:

Furthering marginalisation:

Source:” The Hindu“.


The recent promotion of Assamese language may be a threat against the culture and language of the diverse tribes in Assam. Critically analyse.