UPSC CSE Mains Syllabus: GS-2- Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health,
Education, Human Resources.
New Education Policy – 2020 – in a nutshell
The present Education Policy was adopted in 1986 which have been continued till date that is for last 34 years The country got the education policy after 34 years .The Union Cabinet, chaired by the PM, has approved the Draft of National Education Policy 2020.
The Cabinet has also accepted the proposal of changing name of MHRD to Education Ministry.
The vision of creating an education system that contributes directly to transforming the country, providing high-quality education to all, and making India a global knowledge superpower. Education sector to get 6% of GDP, earlier it was 1.7%
(Source: Times Of India)
Outcomes of NEP 2020
- Universalisation from ECCE to Secondary Education by 2030, aligning with SDG4
- Attaining Foundational Learning & Numeracy Skills through National Mission by 2025
- 100% GER in Pre-School to Secondary Level by 2030
- Teachers to be prepared for assessment reforms by 2023
- Inclusive & Equitable Education System by 2030
- Board Exams to test core concepts and application of knowledge
- Every Child will come out of School adept in at least one Skill.
Major Reforms Public & Private Schools:
- Universalization of Early Childhood Care Education (ECCE)
- Preparatory class Balavatika for children below the age of 5
- National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy
- 5+3+3+4 Curricular and Pedagogical Structure
- Curriculum to integrate 21st Century Skills, Mathematical Thinking and Scientific temper
- No Rigid Separation between Arts & Sciences, between Curricular and extra-Curricular activities, between Vocational and Academic streams
- Education of Gifted Children
- Nutrition and health cards, regular health check-ups for school students
- Gender Inclusion Fund
- KGBVs upto Grade 12
- Reduction in Curriculum to Core Concepts
- New National Curriculum Framework for ECE, School, Teachers and Adult Education
- Medium of Instruction till at least Grade 5, and preferably till Grade 8 and beyond in Home Language/ Mother tongue/ Regional Language.
- Vocational integration from Class 6 onwards Use of Technology in Education Planning, Teaching Learning & Assessment, Administration & Management ,Regulation- Self Disclosure & Minimum Human Interface .
- Increasing Access for Disadvantaged Groups
- Divyang Friendly Education Software
- e-Content in Regional Language & Virtual Labs
- National Educational Technology Forum (NETF)
- Digitally Equipping Schools, Teachers and Students
- School Education Board exams will be low stakes & test actual knowledge instead of rote learning Mother tongue to be a medium of instruction till 5th grade.
- 360 degree Holistic Progress Card of Child – Report cards will be a comprehensive report on skills and capabilities instead of just marks and statements.
- National assessment center – PARAKH
- National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST)
- Book Promotion Policy and Digital Libraries
- Transparent online self disclosure for public oversight and accountability.
- National Scholarship portal for SC, ST, OBC, SEDGs students to be expanded
- NTA to offer Common Entrance Exam for Admission TO HEIs
- Graded Autonomy: Academic, Administrative & Financial
- Phasing out Affiliation System in 15 years
- National Mission on Mentoring
- Independent Board of Governors (BoG)
- Single Regulator for Higher Education (excluding Legal and Medical) – HECI(Higher Education Commission of India().
- On-line Self Disclosure based Transparent System for Approvals in place of ‘Inspections’
- Common Norms for Public and Private HEIs
- Private Philanthropic Partnership
- Fee fixation within Board Regulatory Framework
- Public Investment in Education Sector to reach 6% of GDP at the earliest Major Reforms: Higher Education
- 50% Gross Enrolment Ration by 2035
- Holistic and Multidisciplinary Education- Flexibility of Subjects
- Multiple Entry/Exit UG Programme – 3 or 4 years & PG pgrogramme – 1 or 2 years
- Integrated 5 year bachelor’s/Master’s
- M Phil to be discontinued
- Credit Transfer and Academic Bank of Credits
- HEIs: Research Intensive/ Teaching Intensive Universities and Autonomous Degree Granting College
- Model Multidisciplinary Education and Research University (MERU)
- All higher education institute to become multidisciplinary institutions
Source:”Hindustan Times/ Times of India”.
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