UPSC CSE Mains Syllabus: GS-3- Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

In news:

Lone wolf:

lone actorlone-actor terrorist, or lone wolf is someone who prepares and commits violent acts alone, outside of any command structure and without material assistance from any group. They may be influenced or motivated by the ideology and beliefs of an external group and may act in support of such a group.

Why is it difficult to counter:

Emerging trends:

five emerging trends in lone wolf terrorism in North America and western Europe between 1990 and 2013:

Risks in India:

What is needed :

Source:” The Hindu“.


Discuss the emerging trends in lone wolf terror attacks in the world. What kind of risk does it pose on India?