UPSC CSE – SYLLABUS – GS – 3- Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.

Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

India & Maldives

India and Maldives enjoy close ties of friendship and cooperation and share a common destiny. Peace and stability in Maldives is of utmost importance to India and the region.

  Indian intervention: On November 3, 1988, when mercenaries attacked the Maldives, India was the first to respond.In 2004, when the tsunami hit Maldives, Indian naval ships were despatched to assist.During the last government’s term, when there was the Male water crisis. The Indian Naval and Air Force vessels delivered water within hours.  

India has come to the aid of Maldives during critical situations like Natural disasters. Moreover, bilateral relations have further been strengthened through the exchange of high level visits in recent times.

However, this does not mean there have not been any issues in the relationship.


Areas of cooperation:

India should continue to invest in socio-economic programmes in Maldives. It should also promote transparency and progressive investments there.

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Though India and Maldives have enjoyed a warm relationship over the years, occasional fluctuations have occurred. Examine. How has the cooperation progressed in the recent years?