UPSC CSE – SYLLABUS – GS – 2- Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s


 India and the geopolitics of technology


Splinternet, the balkanisation of the internet, digital sovereignty, and data localisation are some of the more popular terms that have come to define the debate on the future of data, and, more broadly, on the future of technology. The argument boils down to the different ways in which governments and transnational organisations (such as the European Union) choose to access, use, and allow data to flow across borders.

Nations and their regulation:

Data diplomacy:

At least 14 countries have appointed negotiators to shape data diplomacy.

Designations such as tech ambassador, ambassador of innovations, ambassador for digital affairs, and ambassador for cyber diplomacy are becoming increasingly common.


India’s Personal Data Protection Bill (PDPB):

India and geopolitics – what needs to be done:

Way forward:

Source: ” Hindustan Times ”.


The geopolitics of technology has meant that India has an efficient data diplomacy policy to accrue maximum benefits. Discuss.