In news:

The UN Secretariat held a meeting earlier this month of the “6 + 2 + 1” group on regional efforts to support peace in Afghanistan.

Group comprises:

Iran, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan , China, and Uzbekistan; then the United States and Russia, and Afghanistan itself.

What about India:

· India was noticeable for its absence from the April 16 conference, despite its historic and strategic links to Afghanistan.

Has it faced a similar situation:

Three major projects:

image 2022 08 17T125001.550

Reasons for such exclusions:

Road ahead: 

Source:” The Hindu“.


Assess the role played by India in bringing a lasting solution to the Afghan problem considering the developmental role played by India all these years.