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Golden crescent

Golden crescent

UPSC CSE MAINS SYLLABUS – GS – 3- Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

India’s proximity to Golden Crescent has traditionally been viewed as a source of vulnerability, since it has made India both a destination and a transit route for opiates produced in these regions

  •  The presence of golden crescent – producer of heroine, hashis and cannabis.
  •  These are sent through India’s western border. Then they are sent to other nations.
  •  India has some porous border (Punjab and Rajasthan) along Pakistan. This is being exploited.
  •  There is a nexus between drug traffickers, organised criminal networks and
  •  Money from drug trade is used to finance militant groups in Jammu and Kashmir and also terrorist financing.
  •  There is an existence of international criminal syndicates in India.

 All these have varied impacts on India,

  •  Substance abuse and drug abuse among the youth.
  •  Increase in terrorist activities and other criminal activities.
  •  Poor health among the adults.
  •  General demoralisation of the society and abuse of women may also increase.

What is needed:

  •  Institutional measures – strengthening the Narcotics Bureau and other drug trafficking frameworks.
  •  Support them with state of the art – ICT technologies, logistics, and arms.
  •  Cooperating with International organisations and other nations. Sharing and receiving information from them.
  •  Border Security should be improved with technologies.
  •  Policing should also improve.
  •  Rehabilitation among the affected persons should be intensified.
  •  Stringent punishment and justice delivery.
  •  BOLD – QRT and CIBMS.
  •  Joint patrolling exercises.
  •  Rehabilitation among the affected sections.
  •  Community policing and information gathering, especially among the border states.
  •  Co-opting voluntary organisations and NGO for deaddiction.
  •  Cooperation with Neighbours.
  •  India is a signatory
  •  to the SAARC Convention on Narcotics Drugs and Psychotropic substances, 1993.
  •  BIMSTEC Convention on Cooperation in Combating International
  •  Terrorism, Transnational Organised Crime and Illicit Drug
  •  Trafficking in 2009.



Highlight the drug trafficking along the western border of India. Discuss its impacts on India?