1. Consider the following statements regarding Godavari river:

  1. The Godavari is the largest river system of the Peninsular India.
  2. The river flows through the States of Maharashtra, Telangana, Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh and finally falls into the Bay of Bengal.
  3. The right bank tributaries are more in number and larger in size than the left bank tributaries.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Answer:  (a) 1 and 2 only


In the news: Godavari flood affects 1.5 lakh,12 habitations hit in Chintoor Agency, many villages cut off in Andhra Pradesh.


2. The Supreme Court can issue directions for the enforcement of any fundamental right under which of the following Articles of the Constitution of India?

Answer: (c) Article 32


In the news: A new judicial device for ‘complete justice(editorial)

Remedies for enforcement of rights conferred by Article 32

What is a Writ Petition?

Type of Writs:

The Constitution empowers the Supreme Court and High Courts to issue orders or writs.

The types of writs are:

3. Consider the following statements regarding Supreme court of India:

  1. The Regulating Act of 1773 established the Supreme Court at Calcutta as a Court of Record, with full power and authority.
  2. It did not have the power of judicial review.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Answer: (a) 1 only


In the news: A new judicial device for ‘complete justice’

History of the Supreme Court of India

4. “Biorock technology” is talked about in which one of the following situations?

Answer: (a) Restoration of damaged coral reefs


‘Biorock Technology’, it is a method that applies safe, low voltage electrical currents through seawater, causing dissolved minerals to crystallise on structures, growing into a white limestone (CaCo3) similar to that which naturally makes up coral reefs and tropical white sand beaches.Biorock, also known as Seacrete or Seament, refers to the substance formed by electro-accumulation of minerals dissolved in seawater.The formed material has a strength similar to concrete. It can be used to make robust artificial reefs on which corals grow at very rapid rates.Fragments of broken corals are tied to the biorock structure, where they are able to grow at least four to six times faster than their actual growth as they need not spend their energy in building their own calcium carbonate skeletons. Hence option (a) is correct.

5. The terms ‘Carina Nebula’ and the ‘Southern Ring Nebula’ are currently seen in the news is associated with

Answer: (d) James Webb Space Telescope


In the news:NASA telescope dives deep into the universe,James Webb telescope captures images

The James Webb Space Telescope, the largest and most powerful orbital observatory ever launched.The pictures, designed to peer farther than before with greater clarity to the dawn of the universe, were hailed by NASA as a milestone marking a new era of astronomical exploration.The crowning debut image, was a “deep field” photo of a distant galaxy cluster, SMACS 0723, revealing the most detailed glimpse of the early universe recorded to date.Among the other Webb subjects were two enormous clouds of gas and dust blasted into space by stellar explosions to form incubators for new stars — the Carina Nebula and the Southern Ring Nebula, each thousands of light years away from Earth. The collection also included fresh images of another galaxy cluster known as Stephan’s Quintet, first discovered in 1877. Hence option (d) is correct.

6. Right to Privacy’ is protected under which Article of the constitution of India?

Answer: (c) Article 21


In the news: Rightful challenge

It is now a settled position that the right to life and liberty under article 21 includes the right to privacy. Right to privacy is ‘a right to be let alone’. A citizen has a right to safeguard the privacy of his own, his family, marriage, procreation, motherhood, child-bearing and education among other matters. Hence option (c) is correct.

7. Which of the following releases ‘Index of Industrial Production (IIP)’ in India?

Answer: (a) National Statistical Office


In the news:Industrial output jumps 19.6%,May IIP logs fastest growth in 12 months led by consumer durables, capital goods.

Index of Industrial Production:

8. Which of the following is/are the causes of inflation?

  1. Increase in price of inputs.
  2. Increase in indirect taxes.
  3. Low growth of the Agricultural sector.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Answer: (d) 1, 2 and 3


In the news: Impact of inflation on India’s poor negligible: Sitharaman

This type of inflation is caused due to various reasons such as:

9. Secularism mean?

Answer: (d) Respect all religions without favouring any one religion.


In the news:A new judicial device for ‘complete justice

What is Secularism? It means the separation of religion from political, economic, social and cultural aspects of life, religion being treated as a purely personal matter.

The term secularism means being separate from religion or having no religious bias. Hence option (d) is correct.

10. A Parliamentary System of Government is one in which

Answer: (b) The Government is responsible to the Parliament and can be removed by it


A parliamentary system or parliamentary democracy is a system of democratic governance of a state (or subordinate entity) where the executive derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the support (“confidence”) of the legislature, typically a parliament, to which it is accountable.The Government is responsible to the Parliament and can be removed by it. Hence statement (b) is correct.