Consider the following statements:

  1. Pursuant to the report of H.N. Sanyal Committee, the Contempt of Courts Act, 1971 was passed.
  2. The Constitution of India empowers the Supreme Court and the High Courts to punish for contempt of themselves.
  3. The Constitution of India defines Civil Contempt and Criminal Contempt.
  4. In India, the Parliament is vested with the powers to make laws on Contempt of Court.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1, 2 and 4 only

(c) 3 and 4 only

(d) 3 only

Answer: (b) 1, 2 and 4 only


Why in news: Mallya gets four-month jail term for contempt.

Contempt of Court Act-1971:

Reason behind its existence:

Consider the following statements:

1. If rupee is depreciating then it will make imports costlier

2. If rupee is depreciating then export income will rise

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 & 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation: C) Both 1 & 2

Why in news: Rupee drops 19 paise to new low of 79.45

Currency Depreciation:

Currency Appreciation: It is an increase in the value of one currency in relation to another currency.

Considered the following statement

1. India is the third largest oil consumer in the world.

2. Iraq is the largest supplier of Oil to India

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 & 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation: Both 1 & 2

Why in news: India’s imports of Russian oil said to surge to record.

With reference to NATO Consider the following Statements

  1. Recently, Sweden and Finland joined the NATO Alliance
  2. Joining NATO is a seven step process which requires approval all the founding members.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Why in news:

Lithuania widens curbs on trade via Kaliningrad

Kaliningrad | History, Map, & Points of Interest | Britannica

Nord stream 1 pipe line between which two countries?

(a) France and German

(b) German and Russia

(c) Russia and India

(d) Russia and Ukraine

Explanation: B) German and Russia

What is the Nord Stream 1 Gas Link? – Civilsdaily

Why in news: Europe frets over reduced gas supplies from Russia Gazprom begins 10 days of maintenance on Nord Stream 1.

Nord Stream consists of two pipelines, which have two lines each.

Nord Stream 1 was completed in 2011 and runs from Vyborg in Leningrad (Russia) to Lubmin near Greifswald, Germany.

Considered the following regarding statement regarding Cloudbust.

  1. A cloudburst refers to an extreme amount of rain that happens in a short period, sometimes accompanied by hail and thunder, and this has a precise definition.
  2. A cloudburst occurs when moisture-carrying air moves up a hilly terrain, forming a vertical column of clouds known as ‘Cirrocumulus clouds.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation: (a) 1 only

Why in news?

‘Amarnath-like events unpredictable’Flash floods were due to ‘sudden’ cloud formation: Ministry of Earth Sciences

They are more likely to occur in mountainous zones mainly because of terrain and elevation.

Which of the following animals are found in the National Emblem of India?

  1. Lion
  2. Elephant
  3. Horse
  4. Bull

  Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 4 only

(b) 1, 2 and 3 only

(c) 1, 2 and 4 only

(d) 1, 3 and 4 only

Explanation: (d) 1, 3 and 4 only

Why in news: PM unveils National Emblem atop new Parliament building the sculpture made of bronze weighs 9,500 kg and is 4.34 metres wide

Consider the Following statements regarding non performing assets?

  1. In India, debt is classified as non-performing asset, when the loan payments have not been made for a minimum period of 90 days.
  2. In the case of agricultural loans, NPAs are declared if the interest and/or instalment or principal remain unpaid for two harvest seasons.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) None of the above

Explanation: (c) Both 1 and 2

Why in news: The scam fault line is damaging India’s banking

What are Non Performing Assets?

Considered the following statement regarding World Population Prospects.

   1. India is set to surpass China as the world’s most populous country in 2050.

   2. The world’s population was growing at its slowest pace since 1950, having fallen below 1% in 2020

   3. In 2021, the average fertility of the world’s population stood at 2.3 births per woman over a lifetime, having fallen from about 5 births in 1950.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 2 only.

(d) 1, 2 and 3.

Explanation: (b) 2 and 3 only

Why in news: India set to beat China in population: UN report

Consider the following countries:

  1. Azerbaijan
  2. Kyrgyzstan
  3. Tajikistan
  4. Uzbekistan
  5. Turkmenistan

Which of the above have borders with Afghanistan?

(a) 1, 2 and 5 only

(b) 1, 2, 3 and 4 only

(c) 3, 4 and 5 only

(d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Correct Answer: (c) 3, 4 and 5 only

image 1
  1. Explain the reasons behind the landslide in Manipur and also give suggestions to avert the future disasters.

The Railways have reportedly blamed jhum or shifting or slash-and-burn cultivation on hill slopes for the tragedy, sparking debates on the tendency to overlook geological challenges and not factor in climate change while executing major developmental projects.

Major reasons behind the Landslide in Manipur:

People tend to forget or not question the development models being implemented in such fragile hill or mountain ecosystems.

Most disasters are man-made as the designs are not suited to the geology.

Projects do not factor in climate change, which has been causing short bursts of heavy rainfall over a small area instead of moderate showers spread over a larger area.

Suggestions to avert Disasters in future:

Increasing human interference with nature has led to a rise in the number of natural disasters. However, the National Disaster Response Force under The Disaster Management Act, 2005 have conducted several successful rescue operations by providing aid and assistance to the affected state, including deploying, at the State’s request, of Armed Forces, Central Paramilitary Forces, and such communication, air and other assets. They have also worked to increase the awareness among people to reduce the effect of such natural calamities by organising preparedness campaigns.