UPSC CSE Mains Syllabus: GS-3- Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

In news:

Force majeure:

Some confusion:

Adjudicating the contractual disputes:

(ejusdem generis -denoting a rule for interpreting statutes and other writings by assuming that a general term describing a list of specific terms denotes other things that are like the specific elements).

No FM – How to resolve the dispute:

Adjudicating unjustified usage of FM:

Genuine but complex cases:

Courts and regulators should encourage litigants to go for negotiations or mediation to settle disputes. In most cases, a middle ground exists within the contract letter.

Source:” The Hindu“.


What is Force Majeure? How is it impacting contract enforcement and contractual disputes in times of COVID? How could such contractual disputes be resolved?