UPSC CSE Mains Syllabus: GS-2- India and its neighborhood- relations.

Five point action agenda – Resolving India & China

In news:

The Foreign Ministers of India and China, Subrahmanyam Jaishankar and Wang Yi, arrived at a ‘Five Points’ agreement to reduce the prevailing tension on the Ladakh border during their talks in Moscow on the sidelines of the SCO Summit on September 10. 

Dialogue process:

What is there for China in it:

How it all began:

Five point action agenda:

It reiterates the process of dialogue, disengagement, and easing of the situation. All this was comprehensively dealt with in the previous five agreements given below:

Why haven’t they worked:

Have informal strategies worked:

The mechanism of strategic guidance evolved at Wuhan and later reconfirmed at Mamallapuram between Indian PM and President Xi Jinping has not delivered despite the fact that Xi is the commander-in-chief of PLA.

What course of action could India take:

Source:” Indian Express.”


Analyse, why significant border frameworks have failed to prevent border escalation between India and China.