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Everything You Should Know about US Presidential Election

Everything You Should Know about US Presidential Election

U.S. Constitutional Requirements for Presidential Candidates

Ø The president must:

  • Be a natural-born citizen of the United States
  • Be at least 35 years old
  • Have been a resident of the United States for 14 years.

Ø Presidential Primaries and Caucuses

  • Before the general election, most candidates for president go through a series of state primaries and caucuses.
  • Primary elections or often just primaries, are the process by which voters can indicate their preference for their party’s candidate, or a candidate in general, in an upcoming general election.
  • Caucuses: a closed meeting of a group of persons belonging to the same political party or faction usually to select candidates.
  • Though primaries and caucuses are run differently, they both serve the same purpose. They let the states choose the major political parties’ nominees for the general election.

Ø Conventions:

  • Conventions finalize a party’s choice for presidential and vice presidential nominees.
  • To become the presidential nominee, a candidate typically has to win a majority of delegates.
  • During a political party convention, each presidential nominee also announces a vice presidential running mate.
  • The candidates then campaign across the country to explain their views and plans to voters. They may also participate in debates with candidates from other parties.

Stalemate at Conventions:

  • But if no candidate gets the majority of a party’s delegates during the primaries and caucuses, convention delegates choose the nominee. This happens through additional rounds of voting.
  • Ø General Election:
    • People in every state across the country vote for one President and Vice President.
    • When people cast their vote, they are actually voting for a group of people called electors.
    • These electors constitute the Electoral College that will elect the President.

Ø Electoral College:

The Electoral College consists of 538 electors. A majority of 270 electoral votes is required to elect the President.

Source:

The Hindu

https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/us-presidential-election-2020-what-are-the-democratic-presidential-primaries-all-about/article30654822.ece

POSSIBLE UPSC CSE MAINS QUESTION:

1) How does the US Presidential election system vary with the Presidential election in India?