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Daily Prelims Test – 27_June 2021

With respect to Rudreshwara (Ramappa) temple, consider the following statements:

  • It is located in the state of Andhra Pradesh in southern India.
  • It was built during the period of Kakatiya ruler Ganapati Deva.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

 a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: (b) 2 only

Explanation:

In NEWS: State intensifies pitch for world heritage site status to Ramappa temple

  • The State government has intensified its pitch for speeding up the process for recognition of the Rudreshwara (Ramappa) temple as a world heritage site.
  • Tourism Minister urges Archaeological Survey of India take up development of monuments and forts

About Rudreshwara (Ramappa) temple

  • It is also known as the Ramalingeswara temple, and is located in the state of Telangana in southern India. Hence statement (1) is incorrect.
  • An inscription in the temple dates it to the year 1213 CE and says it was built by a Kakatiya General Recherla Rudra Reddy, during the period of the Kakatiya ruler Ganapati Deva. Hence statement (2) is correct.
  • Marco Polo, during his visit to the Kakatiya Empire, allegedly called the temple “the brightest star in the galaxy of temples”. Ramappa Temple stands majestically on a 6 ft high star-shaped platform.
  • The Temple is included in the proposed UNESCO World Heritage Site “The Glorious Kakatiya Temples and Gateways”, in 2019 on the “tentative list”.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/telangana/state-intensifies-pitch-for-world-heritage-site-status-to-ramappa-temple/article34956875.ece

Recently, the term Vandana Aggarwal committee is seen in news, it is related to

a) To develop avenues for ship financing, leasing

b) To Review of Income Tax rebates

c) To examine all aspects of the educational sector in India

d) To find the problems faced by the farmers

Answer: (a) To develop avenues for ship financing, leasing

Explanation:

In NEWS: IFSCA sets up committee to develop avenues for ship financing, leasing

  • The International Financial Services Centre Authority (IFSCA) has constituted a committee to examine global best practices in financing and leasing of ships, identify opportunities and devise a roadmap to enable such activities from GIFT 
  • Gujarat International Finance Tec (GIFT) City is a business district near Ahmedabad in Gujarat. It is the country’s first operational greenfield smart city and international financial services centre.
  • This committee, to be chaired by Vandana Aggarwal, former Senior Economic Advisor, Government of India will include representatives from the Government of India, Gujarat Maritime Board and industry experts possessing domain knowledge. Hence option (a) is correct.
  • India is strategically located on the world’s shipping routes and has a large coastline of approximately 7500 kms.
  • India also has 12 major and over 200 minor ports. The Ministry of Shipping suggests that 95 percent of India’s trading by volume and 70 percent by value is done via maritime transport.
  • In spite of significant exposure to shipping, India is yet to develop as an international shipping hub.
  • IFSCA aims to provide an enabling regulatory framework and facilitative environment so that GIFT IFSC can become an international hub for Ship Financing & Leasing activities thereby benefiting shipowners, lessors, carriers, ship operators, ship management companies and other stakeholders in the maritime ecosystem.

Source: https://www.business-standard.com/article/current-affairs/ifsca-sets-up-committee-to-develop-avenues-for-ship-financing-leasing-121062501394_1.html

What is the objective of Mission Karmayogi?

  1. a) To effect a transformational shift from rule based training to role-based capacity development of all civil services in the country
  2. b) To expand airport capacity by more than five times to handle a billion trips a year
  3. c) To foster entrepreneurship and promote innovation by creating an ecosystem that is conducive for growth of Start-ups.
  4. d) To provide network infrastructure with affordable broadband connectivity on a non-discriminatory basis to all households in the country

Answer: (a) To effect a transformational shift from rule based training to role-based capacity development of all civil services in the country

Explanation:

In NEWS: Ex-Infosys CEO to head task force to help govt in bringing major reforms

  • Ex-Infosys CEO SD Shibu Lal to head a task force to help the government in bringing major reforms in bureaucracy.
  • To effectively roll out this competency driven mission, a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV), namely Karmayogi Bharat, would be set up as a not-for-profit company.
  • It will be set up under section 8 of Companies Act, 2013 as a 100% government-owned entity.
  • The task force will be free to constitute working groups, co-opt additional members/experts/special invitees, and consult national and international leaders in the field
  • The task force will help the government in bringing major bureaucratic reforms through its ambitious “Mission Karmayogi”.

‘National Programme for Civil Services Capacity Building – Mission Karmayogi’

  • It aims to bring a transformational shift from rule based training to role-based capacity development of all civil services in the country so as to enhance citizen experience for government services and improve availability of competent workforce. Hence option (a) is correct.

About Karmayogi Bharat

  • To effectively roll out this competency driven mission, a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV), namely Karmayogi Bharat, would be set up as a not-for-profit company, the order said.
  • It will be set up under section 8 of Companies Act, 2013 as a 100% government-owned entity.
  • The SPV will be responsible to deliver and manage design, implement, enhance and manage a digital platform and infrastructure, manage and deliver competency assessment services, and manage governance of telemetry data and ensure provision of monitoring and evaluation.
  • The task force will be free to constitute working groups, co-opt additional members/experts/special invitees, and consult national and international leaders in the field.

Source: https://business-standard.com/article/companies/ex-infosys-ceo-to-head-task-force-to-help-govt-in-bringing-major-reforms-121062301834_1.html

Consider the following statements regarding National Maritime Heritage Complex:

  1. It is a world-class facility to be developed in the vicinity of the Harappan site of Lothal.
    1. It would be developed as an international tourist destination, where the maritime heritage of India from ancient to modern times would be showcased.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: (c) Both 1 and 2

Explanation:

In NEWS: Ministry of Culture and Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways sign an MoU for Cooperation in Development of National Maritime Heritage Complex(NMHC) at Lothal, Gujarat

  • The Ministry of Culture (MoC) and  Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways (MoPSW)  signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for ‘Cooperation in Development of National Maritime Heritage Complex (NMHC) at Lothal, Gujarat’.

National Maritime Heritage Complex

  • It is a world-class facility to be developed in the vicinity of the ASI site of Lothal, located about 80 kms away from Ahmedabad, GujaratHence statement (1) is correct.
  • NMHC would be developed as an international tourist destination, where the maritime heritage of India from ancient to modern times would be showcased and an edutainment approach using the latest technology would be adopted to spread awareness about India’s maritime heritage. Hence statement (2) is correct.
  • The unique feature of NMHC is the recreation of ancient Lothal city, which is one of the prominent cities of the ancient Indus valley civilization dating to 2400 BC.
  • Apart from that, the evolution of India’s Maritime Heritage during various eras would be exhibited through various galleries.
  • NMHC would have a pavilion for each coastal states and union territories to showcase the artefacts/maritime heritage of the respective states and union territories.

Source: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleaseIframePage.aspx?PRID=1727640

Consider the following Statements regarding Sant Kabirdas:

  1. He was born in the city of Mumbai
    1. He was strongly influenced by his teacher Ramanujacharya.
    1. Kabir’s works were written in the Hindi language which was easy to comprehend.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 2 only

d) 3 only

Answer: (d) 3 only

Explanation:

In NEWS: PM pays tribute to Sant Kabir Das ji on his Jayanti

  • The Prime Minister said that Sant Kabir Das ji not only fought against social evils but also taught the lesson of humanity and love to the world.
  • The path that he showed will continue to inspire generations to move forward on the path of brotherhood and goodwill.

About Sant Kabir Das 

  • Sant Kabir Das was born in the city of Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. He was a 15th century mystic poet, saint and social reformer and a proponent of theBhakti Movement.Kabir’s legacy is still going on through a sect known as Panth of Kabir, a religious community that considers him as the founder. Hence statement (1) is incorrect.
  • His early life was in a Muslim family, but he was strongly influenced by his teacher, the Hindu bhakti leader Ramananda. Hence statement (2) is incorrect.
  • Kabir’s works were written in the Hindi language which was easy to comprehend. He used to write in couplets to enlighten people. Hence statement (3) is correct.

Kabir Das’ writings had a great influence on the Bhakti movement and includes titles like Kabir Granthawali, Anurag Sagar, Bijak, and Sakhi Granth.

  • His verses are found in Sikhism’s scripture Guru Granth Sahib.
  • The major part of his work was collected by the fifth Sikh guru, Guru Arjan Dev.
  • He was best known for his two-line couplets, known as ‘Kabir Ke Dohe’.

Source: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1730016

Consider the following statements regarding Project Seabird:

  1. It is the largest naval infrastructure project for India which involves creation of a naval base on the east coast of India at Visakhapatnam.
    1. It is aimed at providing fleet support and maintenance of warships.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: (b) 2 only

Explanation:

In NEWS: Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh reviews development works at Karwar Naval Base under ‘Project Seabird

  • Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh visited the Karwar Naval Base in Karnataka on June 24, 2021 to review the progress of ongoing infrastructure development under ‘Project Seabird’.

What is Project Seabird?

  • It was approved in 1999 following the Pokhran-II by the then union defence minister George Fernandes.
  • It is largest naval infrastructure project for India which involves creation of a naval base at Karwar on the west coast of India in Karnataka. Hence statement (1) is incorrect.
  • The first phase of the naval base called Operation Seabird was completed in 2005 and the second phase started in 2011.
  • It involves a 3,000 feet long runway, docking space for 30 warships, hangars for aircraft are part of the Rs 19,000 core project spread over 11,000 acres of land.
  • AECOM is the project management consultant for managing and overseeing the planning, design, contracting, construction and acceptance of the entire works, including construction of a new Naval Air Station.

Importance of Project Seabird

  • It will provide the Indian Navy with its largest naval base on the west coast and also the largest naval base east of the Suez Canal.
  • It is aimed at providing fleet support and maintenance of warships. Hence statement (2) is correct.
  • The expanded naval complex will be able to support several major warships and at least 30 vessels, submarines and yard crafts.
  • It will house a state-of-the-art Naval Air Base and maintenance section.
  • It will strengthen the country’s trade, economy and humanitarian assistance and give more teeth to the Indian Navy.

Source:https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1730082#:~:text=Raksha%20Mantri%20sri%20Rajnath%20Singh%20visited%20the%20Karwar%20Naval%20Base,development%20under%20’Project%20 Seabird‘.

Consider the following statements regarding Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC):

  1. It is the United Nations body for assessing the science related to climate change.
    1. It was created in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: (c) Both 1 and 2

Explanation:

In NEWS: Hunger, drought, disease: UN climate report reveals dire health threats

  • Hunger, drought and disease will afflict tens of millions more people within decades, according to a draft UN assessment that lays bare the dire human health consequences of a warming planet.
  • The IPCC’s 4,000-page draft report, scheduled for release next year, offers the most comprehensive rundown to date of the impacts of climate change on our planet and our species.
  • It predicts that up to 80 million more people than today will be at risk of hunger by 2050.

About Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

  • It is the United Nations body for assessing the science related to climate change.
  • It provides regular assessments of the scientific basis of climate change, its impacts and future risks, and options for adaptation and mitigation. Hence statement (1) is correct.
  • It was created in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization(WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). Hence statement (2) is correct.
  • Objective: To provide governments at all levels with scientific information that they can use to develop climate policies.
  • IPCC reports are also a key input into international climate change negotiations.
  • It currently has 195 members and participation is open to all member countries of the WMO and United Nations.

The IPCC is divided into three Working Groups and a Task Force:

  • Working Group I: It deals with The Physical Science Basis of Climate Change.
  • Working Group II: It deals with Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability.
  • Working Group III: It deals with Mitigation of Climate Change.
  • Task Force on National Greenhouse Gas Inventories: Its main aim is to develop and refine a methodology for the calculation and reporting of national greenhouse gas emissions and removals.
  • Alongside the Working Groups and the Task Force, other Task Groups may be established by the Panel for a set time period to consider a specific topic or question.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/hunger-drought-disease-un-climate-report-reveals-dire-health-threats/article34922003.ece

With reference to appointment of retired judges in High courts, consider the following statements:

  1. The President can request any person who has held the office of a Judge of any High Court to sit and act as a Judge of the High Court.
    1. The allowances of such appointing judges are entitled as determined by the President.
    1. That judges will also enjoy all the jurisdiction, powers and privileges of a judge of that high court.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer: (b) 2 and 3 only

Explanation:

In news: HC looking at appointment of ad hoc judges to clear backlog

About 5.22 lakh civil and 61,000 criminal cases pending before the court

  • The Madras High Court is contemplating appointment of retired judges of the court as ad hoc judges to reduce the backlog of 5.84 lakh cases that had accumulated over the years.
  • According to sources, the proposal to appoint ad hoc judges is under active consideration of the court and that Chief Justice Sanjib Banerjee will take a call on suitable candidates. As of now, the working strength of the Madras High Court is 59 as against its sanctioned strength of 75 judges.
  • There are 16 vacancies and three more judges are retiring by September 27. Further, seven more judges of the court are due to retire in 2022. The High Court has a mounting backlog of 5.22 lakh civil cases and over 61,000 criminal cases. Of the pending cases, 1.09 lakh (18.75%) are between 10 and 20 years old.
  • Similarly, 1.12 lakh (19.29%) pending cases are between three to five years old. Although the High Court had 1.24 lakh (21.22%) cases that are less than one year old, court officials say it could be because of restricted functioning due to COVID­19. The present move to appoint ad hoc judges comes following a Supreme Court verdict delivered on April 20 this year impressing upon the need for the High Courts to “activate” Article 224A, a “dormant provision” of the Constitution.
  • Appointment of Retired Judges at sittings of high courts (Article 224A)
  • At any time, the chief justice of a high court of a state can request a retired judge of that high court or any other high court to act as a judge of the high court of that state for a temporary period. Hence statement (1) is incorrect.
  • He can do so only with the previous consent of the President and also of the person to be so appointed. Such a judge is entitled to such allowances as the President may determine. Hence statement (2) is correct.
  • He will also enjoy all the jurisdiction, powers and privileges of a judge of that high court. But, he will not otherwise be deemed to be a judge of that high court. Hence statement (3) is correct.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/high-court-looking-at-appointment-of-ad-hoc-judges-to-clear-backlog/article34996403.ece#:~:text=The%20Madras%20High%20Court%20is,got%20accumulated%20 over%20the%20years.

Consider the following Statements regarding Enhanced Pinaka Rocket:

  1. It is indigenously developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation.
    1. It will cover the range between 60 to 90 kilometres and will be deployed by the Indian Army.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

 a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: (c) Both 1 and 2

Explanation:

In NEWS: DRDO tests enhanced range Pinaka and 122 mm rockets

  • The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) on Friday successfully test fired the enhanced range versions of the indigenously developed 122 mm calibre rocket as well as the extended range version of indigenously developed Pinaka rocket from a Multi-Barrel Rocket Launcher (MBRL) at integrated test range, Chandipur in Odisha.

About Enhanced Pinaka Rocket

  • It is indigenously developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). Hence statement (1) is correct.
  • The enhanced Pinaka along with guidance Pinaka will cover the range between 60 to 90 kilometres. Hence statement (2) is correct.
  • It would replace the existing Pinaka Mk-1 rockets, which had a range of 36 km.
  • It will be deployed by the Indian Army.
  • The enhanced Pinaka has been developed to counter the People’s Liberation Army threat in East Ladakh with the Chinese deploying large numbers of rocket regiments in support of artillery guns.
  • The enhanced Pinaka and guided Pinaka have both been cleared for deployment on the borders.
  • The Pinaka, a multi-barrel rocket-launcher (MBRL) system named after Shiva’s bow, can fire a salvo of 12 rockets over a period of 44 seconds.
  • The development of the Pinaka multi-barrel rocket systems was started by the DRDO in the late 1980s, as an alternative to the Multi Barrel Rocket Launcher systems of Russian make called the ‘Grad’.
  • The navigation system of Guided Pinaka missile is also aided by the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS).

Caliber rockets

  • Enhanced range versions of 122mm Caliber rockets, developed for the Indian Army can destroy targets up to 40km, they would replace the existing 122mm Grad rockets.
  • The rocket system has been developed jointly by Armament Research and Development Establishment (ARDE) in Pune and High Energy Materials Research Laboratory (HEMRL) with manufacturing support from M/s Economic Explosives Limited in Nagpur.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/drdo-tests-enhanced-range-pinaka-and-122-mm-rockets/article34977414.ece

Wellesley established the Fort William College at Calcutta because

a) he was asked by the Board of Directors at London to do so

b) he wanted to revive interest in oriental learning in India

c) he wanted to provide William Carey and his associates with employment

d) he wanted to train British civilians for administrative purpose in India

Answer: (d) he wanted to train British civilians for administrative purpose in India

Explanation:

Fort William College was established on 18 August 1800 by Lord Richard Wellesley (d. 1837), Governor General of Bengal, in order to provide instruction in the vernacular languages of India to the civil and military officials of the East India Company. It was named after King William III of England. Hence option (d) is correct.

The purposes were multi-fold: fostering of Indian languages and making the British officials familiar with the local languages, etc., so that their administrative work would become easier as it involved interaction with the Indian natives.