KingMakers IAS Academy logo

Daily Prelims Test – 22_January 2021

Consider the following Statements regarding Regulatory compliance portal

It will be managed by Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade

Its objective is to act as a bridge between citizens, industries and the Government in order to minimize burdensome compliances.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: (c) Both1 and 2

Explanation:

In NEWS: DPIIT launches regulatory compliance portal

  • DPIIT has conducted 21 training sessions from January 4 to January 14 for all ministries and states to familiarise them with the portal.
  • The Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) has launched a regulatory compliance portal that will act as a bridge between citizens, industries and the government to minimize burdensome compliances. Hence statement 1 is correct and statement 2 is correct
  • It will also act as a first-of-its-kind central online repository of all Central and State-level compliances.
  • All Central Ministries/Departments and States/UTs would examine laws/regulations/rules under their purview and implement an Action Plan to rationalize and simplify all the processes and remove burdensome compliances, decriminalize laws and repeal redundant Acts.
  • It will be instrumental in achieving the vision of a truly Atmanirbhar Bharat and help usher ease of doing business for industry and ease of living for citizens.
  • The department has been directed by the Cabinet Secretary to act as the nodal department for coordinating the exercise of minimizing regulatory compliance burden for citizens and businesses.

Source: https://www.financialexpress.com/industry/dpiit-launches-regulatory-compliance-portal/2175123/lite/


Ratle Hydro Power Project is an 850MW project on which of the following river?

Chenab River

Sutlej River

Beas River

Brahmaputra River

Answer: (a) Chenab River

Explanation:

In NEWS: NHPC receives investment approval for 850 MW Ratle Hydro-electric Project

  • NHPC announced that Union Cabinet on 20 January 2021 has given its approval for the investment of Rs. 5281.94 crore for 850 MW Ratle Hydro Electric Project located on river Chenab in Kistwar district of Union Territory of Jammu & Kashmir, by a new Joint Venture Company (JVC) to be incorporated between NHPC and Jammu & Kashmir State Power Development Corporation (JKSPDCL) with equity contribution of 51% and 49% respectively. Hence option (a) is correct
  • The Ratle Hydro Electric Project shall be commissioned within a span of 60 months.
  • The Power generated from the Project will help in providing balancing of Grid and will improve the power supply position.
  • The construction activities of the Project will result in direct and indirect employment to around 4000 persons.
  • It will contribute in overall socio-economic development of the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.

Source: https://www.business-standard.com/article/news-cm/nhpc-receives-investment-approval-for-850-mw-ratle-hydro-electric-project-121012100947_1.html


The term Risa, often news in seen, is related to which of the following statement?

It is a customary hand woven cloth used by Tripura’s indigenous tribal communities.

It is a tea grown in the Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh

It is a traditional and ritualistic mural art from Jharkhand.

It is a ritualistic festival observed by Manipuri meitei communities

Answer: (a) It is a customary hand woven cloth used by Tripura’s indigenous tribal communities Explanation:

In NEWS: Explained: Why is Tripura CM promoting the Risa?

  • Tripura Chief Minister Biplab Kumar Deb has of late made it his style statement to sport the Risa, a customary handwoven cloth used by Tripura’s indigenous tribal communities. Hence option (a) is correct

What is a Risa, and why is it important?

  • Risa is one of the three parts of a customary Tripuri female attire, the other two being the Rignai and Rikutu.
  • The Risa, which is essentially a customary handwoven cloth, is used as a head gear, stole, female upper cloth or presented to honour a distinguished recipient.
  • The Rignai is primarily used to cover lower part of the body and literally translates into ‘to wear’. The Rituku covers the upper half of the body, wrapping it all around. However, it is also used like a ‘chunri’ or a ‘pallu’ of the Indian saree.
  • It is also used to cover the head of newly married Tripuri women. Apart from its beautiful designs, the Risa plays a host of crucial social utilities.

History

  • The complete Tripuri attire is claimed to have originated even before the Manikya kings’ rule. In the ancient days, they used to judge a woman’s intelligence in these communities by her woven Rignai and Risa designs. Though the history is contested, Maharaj Trilochana, aka Subhrai Raja — one of the early Manikya kings — is said to have invented nearly 250 designs of Rignai during his time for his 250 wives.

Source: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/tripura-culture-risa-trend-explained-7155359/


Global Risks Report 2021 is released by which of the following international organization?

World Bank

United Nations Environment Programme

World Wide Fund

World Economic Forum 

Answer: (d) World Economic Forum 

Explanation:

In NEWS: Infectious diseases bigger global threat than climate change: World Economic Forum report

  • Infectious diseases topped the global risks chart, displacing climate change, in a report by the World Economic Forum (WEF). Hence option (d) is correct
  • The last time the category was named the top global risk in terms of impact was in 2006. Infectious diseases pose the biggest livelihood and economic threat as witnessed during the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, according to the Global Risks Report, 2021 released virtually by WEF
  • Over 94 million people were infected and 2.06 million people died due to Covid-19, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
  • The human and economic costs of Covid-19 are severe and hence, infectious diseases are an immediate threat for at least for the next two years.
  • Five of the top 10 global risks in terms of impact and likelihood remain from the environmental category.
  • Extreme weather is the top-most climate-related risk because of the failure of climate change mitigation and adaptation.

About Global Risks Report:

  • It is an annual study published by the World Economic Forum (WEF).
  • The report describes changes occurring in the global risks landscape from year to year.

Source: https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/health/infectious-diseases-bigger-global-threat-than-climate-change-world-economic-forum-report-75143#:~:text=Published%3A%20Wednesday%2020%20January%202021,of%20impact%20was%20in%202006.


Consider the following Statements regarding Angiogenesis

It is the growth of blood vessels from the existing vasculature.

This process involves the migration, growth, and differentiation of endothelial cells, which line the inside wall of blood vessels.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: (c) Both 1 and 2

Explanation:

In NEWS: DST INSPIRE faculty from Chennai working on alternative anti-cancer therapy using transgenic zebrafish

  • Scientists are exploring an alternative anti-cancer therapy that involves targeting tumor generated the formation of new blood vessels which allow the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the body’s tissues, technically called angiogenesis.
  • It found that nitric oxide (NO) plays a key role in switching off angiogenesis under tumor microenvironment and that the melatonin hormone suppresses tumor angiogenesis.
  • It is further working to develop transgenic zebrafish model by use of the CRISPR/Cas9 gene-editing tool.
  • Inhibition of tumor angiogenesis has become a popular anti-cancer strategy after chemotherapy. However, the clinically approved anti-angiogenic drugs are ineffective due to parallel activation of various compensatory mechanisms involving a cascade of molecules, which aids tumor angiogenesis and investigation of these mechanisms are essential for developing anti-angiogenic therapies.

About Angiogenesis:

  • Angiogenesis is the growth of blood vessels from the existing vasculature. Hence statement 1 is correct
  • This process involves the migration, growth, and differentiation of endothelial cells, which line the inside wall of blood vessels. Hence statement 2 is correct
  • It occurs throughout life in both health and disease.

Source: PIB


Consider the following Statements regarding AstroSat

It is the first dedicated Indian astronomy mission aimed at studying celestial sources in X-ray, optical and UV spectral bands simultaneously.

It is that enables the simultaneous multi-wavelength observations of various astronomical objects with a single satellite.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: (c) Both 1 and 2

Explanation:

In NEWS: AstroSat’s Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope spots rare ultraviolet-bright stars in a massive intriguing cosmic dinosaur in the Milky Way

  • Astronomers exploring the massive intriguing globular cluster in our Galaxy called NGC 2808 that is said to have at least five generations of stars have spotted rare hot UV-bright stars in it. These stars whose inner core is almost exposed, making them very hot, exist in the late stages of evolution of a Sun-like star.
  • Motivated by the fact that old globular clusters referred to as dinosaurs of the universe present excellent laboratories where astronomers can understand how stars evolve through various phases between their birth and death

About AstroSat

  • AstroSat with a lift-off mass of 1515 kg was launched on September 28, 2015 into a 650 km orbit inclined at an angle of 6 deg to the equator by PSLV-C30 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota. The minimum useful life of the AstroSat mission is expected to be 5 years.
  • AstroSat is the first dedicated Indian astronomy mission aimed at studying celestial sources in X-ray, optical and UV spectral bands simultaneously. Hence statement 1 is correct
  • One of the unique features of AstroSat mission is that it enables the simultaneous multi-wavelength observations of various astronomical objects with a single Hence statement 2 is correct
  • The scientific objectives of AstroSat mission are:
  • To understand high energy processes in binary star systems containing neutron stars and black holes;
  • Estimate magnetic fields of neutron stars;
  • Study star birth regions and high energy processes in star systems lying beyond our galaxy;
  • Detect new briefly bright X-ray sources in the sky;
  • Perform a limited deep field survey of the Universe in the Ultraviolet region.

Source: https://www.isro.gov.in/astrosat-0 https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1690854


Which Article of the Constitution of India provides a unique power to the Supreme Court, to do complete justice between the parties?

Article 142

Article 225

Article 226

Article 106

Answer: (a) Article 142

Explanation:

In NEWS: TN Governor to decide on pardon for Perarivalan in 3-4 days: Centre

  • A CALL on the Tamil Nadu government’s recommendation to pardon Rajiv Gandhi assassination convict A G Perarivalan will be taken by the Governor within three-four days, Solicitor General Tushar Mehta told the Supreme Court
  • It had asked Perarivalan’s counsel Senior Advocate Gopal Sankaranarayanan if it could exercise powers under Article 142 of the Constitution — which allows the Supreme Court to pass any order necessary to do “complete justice” in any case — to request the Governor to decide on the matter. Hence option (a) is correct
  • Any decree so passed or orders so made shall be enforceable throughout the territory of India in such manner as may be prescribed by Parliament.
  • Some important cases where Supreme Court invoked article 142 are: 1. Appointment of Lokayukta in Uttar Pradesh. 2. Setting up R.M. Lodha Committee to oversee the functioning of the Medical Council of India (MCI). 3. Transfer the trial of accused in Babri Masjid demolition case. 4. Ban on sale of alcohol within 500 meters of state and national highways. 5. Witness Protection Scheme, 2018

Source: https://indianexpress.com/article/india/tn-governor-to-decide-on-pardon-for-perarivalan-in-3-4-days-centre-7156594/


Consider the following Statements

Article 161 deals with the Pardoning Power of the Governor.

The Governor CannotPardon a Death Sentence

The Governor cannot pardon sentences inflicted by court martial

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1 and 3 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Answer: d) 1,2 and 3

Explanation

In News: Decision on Rajiv case convict soon, SC told

  • The court, however, noted in its short order that the “Solicitor­General submitted that the application filed by the petitioner [Perarivalan]under Article 161 of the Con- stitution of India shall be considered within four weeks from today. List this matter after four weeks”.

Pardoning Powers of Governor

  • Article 161 deals with the Pardoning Power of the GovernorHence statement 1 is correct
  • The Governor can grant pardons, reprieves, respites and remissions of punishments or suspend, remit and commute the sentence of any person convicted of any offence against any law relating to a matter to which the executive power of the state extends.
  • The Governor cannotPardon a Death Sentence. (The President has the power of Pardon a death Sentence). Hence statement 2 is correct
  • The Governor cannotgrant pardon, reprieve, respite, suspension, remission or commutation in respect to punishment or sentence by a court-martial. However, the President can do so. Hence statement 3 is correct
  • Pardon:means completely absolving the person of the crime and letting him go free. The pardoned criminal will be like a normal citizen.
  • Commutation:means changing the type of punishment given to the guilty into a less harsh one, for example, a death penalty commuted to a life sentence.
  • Reprieve:means a delay allowed in the execution of a sentence, usually a death sentence, for a guilty person to allow him some time to apply for Presidential Pardon or some other legal remedy to prove his innocence or successful rehabilitation.
  • Respite:means reducing the quantum or degree of the punishment to a criminal in view of some special circumstances, like pregnancy, mental condition etc.
  • Remission:means changing the quantum of the punishment without changing its nature, for example reducing twenty-year rigorous imprisonment to ten years.

Source: TH


Which of the following statement is correct with respect to V-shaped recovery?

The economy quickly recoups lost ground and gets back to the normal growth trend-line.

The growth after falling, stagnates at low levels and does not recover for a long, long time.

The growth falls and rises, but falls again before recovering yet again, thus forming a W-like chart, depicting a double-dip.

The growth rises sharply from the lows much higher than the trend-line and stays there.

Answer: a) The economy quickly recoups lost ground and gets back to the normal growth trend-line Explanation

In News: ‘GDP within striking distance of growth’

  • The economy is within striking distance of attaining positive growth, officials of the
  • Reserve Bank of India (RBI) wrote, adding that the letter ‘V’ in the V­shaped recovery stood for vaccine.
  • The GDP contracted by 23.9 per cent in the June 2020 quarter due to the lockdown, and the contraction narrowed down to 7.5 per cent in the September quarter as compared to the same in the year-ago period, as the unlock process began.
  • The demand situation has shown further improvement in the December quarter which witnessed the festivities, with several high-frequency indicators illustrating the same.
  • The government expects the GDP to close FY21 with a contraction of 7.7 per cent

About V-shaped recovery

  • V-shaped recovery: It is characterized by a quick and sustained recovery in measures of economic performance after a sharp economic decline. Hence option (a) is correct
  • Significance: Because of the speed of economic adjustment and recovery in macroeconomic performance, a V-shaped recovery is a best case scenario given the recession.
  • Example: The recoveries that followed the recessions of 1920-21 and 1953 in the U.S. are examples of V-shaped recoveries.
  • In this, incomes and jobs are not permanently lost, and the economic growth recovers sharply and returns to the path it was following before the disruption.

Source: TH


The well -known painting “Bani Thani” belongs to the

Bundi school

Jaipur school

Kangra school

Kishangarh school

Answer: (d) Kishangarh school

Explanation:

  • Bani Thani is an Indian painting in the Kishangarh school of paintings. Bani Thani was painted by an artist by the name of Nihâl Chand. The painting’s subject, Bani Thani, was a singer and poet in Kishangarh in the time of king Savant Singh.