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Daily Prelims Test – 03_October 2020

Consider the following statements regarding Ambedkar Social Innovation and Incubation Mission

1.It has launched by the Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment

2.Under it, 1,000 SC youth will be identified in the next four years with start-up ideas through the Technology Business Incubators in various higher educational institutions.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: (c) Both 1 and 2

Explanation:

In NEWS:Govt launches start-up plan for Dalit techies

  • Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment launched the Ambedkar Social Innovation and Incubation Mission (ASIIM) under Venture Capital Fund for SCs.Hence, statement 1 is correct.
  • The Ministry of Social Justice had launched the Venture Capital Fund for SCs (VCF-SC) in 2014-15 with a view to developing entrepreneurship amongst the SC/Divyang youth and to enable them to become ‘job-givers’.
  • The objective of this fund is to provide concessional finance to the entities of the SC entrepreneurs. Under this fund, 117 companies promoted by SC entrepreneurs have been sanctioned financial assistance to set up business ventures.
  • Ambedkar Social Innovation Incubation Mission:
  • Ministry launched Ambedkar Social Innovation and Incubation Mission” to create start-up companies headed by Dalit techies.
  • Under it, 1,000 SC youth will be identified in the next four years with start-up ideas through the Technology Business Incubators in various higher educational institutions.Hence, statement 2 is correct.
  • They will be funded 30 lakh rupees in three years as equity funding to translate their start-up ideas into commercial ventures.
  • Successful ventures would further qualify for venture funding of up to five Crore rupees from the Venture Capital Fund for SCs.

Source: https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/govt-launches-start-up-plan-for-dalit-techies/articleshow/78418730.cms


Pakur Honey is 100 per cent natural honey gathered by which of the following tribal community in India?

1.Great Andamanese 

2.Bonda

3.Khasi

4.Santhals

Answer: (d) Santhals

Explanation:

In NEWS: Tribes India E-Marketplace launched for handicrafts, organic products

Union Minister of Tribal Affairs has decided to launch ‘Pakur Honey’ through TRIFED & Tribes India.

About Pakur Honey

  • It is 100% natural honey which is Multi Floral, Forest Fresh, gathered by Santhal Tribals and Vulnerable Pahadhiya tribes from Pakur, Jharkhand.Hence option (d) is correct
  • The tribal Santhal community of Pakur District, Jharkhand have set an example by exploring the potential of beekeeping commercially.
  • The Pure Multiflora Honey is collected from a variety of flowers and floras.
  • The Natural Multiflora honey is a good source of anti-oxidants and antiseptic vitamins, nutrients, enzymes and other herbal properties that no other super-food can provide.
  • It will be available in two different tastes, i.e. Karanj and Multifloral (Wild).

Source: http://newsonair.com/News?title=Tribes-India-E-Marketplace-launched-for-handicrafts%2C-organic-products&id=401273


Sawantwadi toys are belonged to which of the following state in India?

1.Maharashtra

2.Kerala

3.Karnataka

4.Andhra Pradesh

Answer: (a) Maharashtra

Explanation:

In NEWS: Maharashtra Circle of India Post to release picture postcards on Sawantwadi Toys

Maharashtra Circle of India Post will release picture postcards on Sawantwadi Toys today to mark the 151 years of postcards in India.

  • Sawantwadi toys refers to hand made works of art made of wood in Sawantwadi a town in Sindhudurg district of Maharashtra, an Indian state.Hence option (a) is correct
  • Sawantwadi is considered to be India’s largest market for wooden models of fruits and wooden toys.
  • Most of these toys are made in the village of Kolgaon in Sawantwadi taluka, these toys are made from the wood of the Indian Coral tree (Erythrina variegata).
  • It has been accorded GI Tag.

Source: http://www.newsonair.com/News?title=Maharashtra-Circle-of-India-Post-to-release-picture-postcards-on-Sawantwadi-Toys&id=401136


Consider the following statements regarding BrahMos Missile

1.It is a multi-stage missile having a solid propellant in the first stage and the ramjet liquid propellant in the second stage.

2.It has land and naval variants only

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: (a) 1 only

Explanation:

In NEWS:BrahMos missile with indigenous booster successfully test-fired

  • Jointly developed by the DRDO and NPOM, a leading aerospace enterprise of Russia, the BrahMos missile is a medium-range ramjet supersonic cruise missile capable of being launched from submarines, warships, fighter jets or land.Hence, statement 2is incorrect.
  • The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) on Wednesday successfully test-fired the BrahMos surface-to-surface cruise missile with an indigenous booster and air frame sector, along with other sub-systems made within the country.
  • About BrahMos Missile:
  • The missile is an Indo-Russian joint venture.
  • The first supersonic cruise missile system known to be in service.
  • The BrahMos is a multi-stage missile having a solid propellant in the first stage and the ramjet liquid propellant in the second stage.Hence, statement 1 is correct.
  • The missile is capable of carrying a conventional as well as nuclear warhead of 300 kilograms.
  • It operates on ‘Fire and Forget Principle’ by adopting varieties of flights on its way to the target.
  • It approaches the enemy target with a top speed of Mach 2.8, which is about three times faster than the US subsonic Tomahawk Cruise Missile System.
  • The missile derives its name from the names of two rivers, namely the Brahmaputra of India and the Moskva of Russia.
  • India is also working on a hypersonic missile, BrahMos-II (K), capable of taking out hardened targets such as underground bunkers and weapon storage facilities at seven times the speed of sound (Mach 7) or 8,575 kmph.

Source: https://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-successfully-test-fires-brahmos-supersonic-cruise-missile-from-chandipur-itr-in-odisha-6647818/


Consider the following statements regarding Nirbhay Missile

1.It is India’s first domestically developed long-range subsonic cruise missile

2.It is capable of carrying warheads of up to 300kg at a speed of 0.6 to 0.7 Mach

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: (a) 1 only

Explanation:

In NEWS:India moves terrain-hugging Nirbhay missiles with 1,000-km range to defend LAC

  • The Nirbhay subsonic cruise missile will be inducted into the army and navy after the seventh trial next month but has already moved a limited number of the missiles to the Line of Actual Control where Indian soldiers are locked in a tense standoff with China’s PLA.

About Nirbhay missiles

  • Nirbhay is a long range, all-weather, subsonic cruise missile designed and developed in India by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).Hence, statement 1 is correct.
  • The missile can be launched from multiple platforms and is capable of carrying conventional and nuclear warheads.
  • It is a two-stage missile powered by Solid rocket motor booster.
  • It is capable of carrying warheads of up to 300kg at a speed of 0.6 to 0.7 Mach (sub-sonic).Hence, statement 2is correct.
  • It has an operational range of 1000 km (long range).
  • The Nirbhay cruise missile is an Indian version of the American Tomahawk.

Source: https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/india-moves-terrain-hugging-nirbhay-missiles-with-1-000-km-range-to-defend-lac/story-yf5IrC1IhjVjbVv1aOJWSO.html


Which of the following Article of Indian constitution provide(s) a unique power to the Supreme Court to do complete justice between the parties?

1.Article 110

2.Article 142

3.Article 108

4.Article 200

Answer: (b) Article 142

Explanation:

In NEWS: Acquittals in Babri demolition case are a blot on CBI, it must be liberated from political influence

  • The judgment is controversial as the court has acquitted all the accused and held the demolition as spontaneous, for which no one except unknown anti-social elements must have been responsible.
  • Ordering the quick completion of the criminal trial in the demolition of Babri Masjid and curing the technical defect of “consultation” with the high court, invoking its extraordinary powers under Article 142, the Supreme Court had said in 2017 that “let justice be done though heavens fall”.
  • One of the 32 surviving accused out of 49 was found guilty of such a serious crime.
  • The accused were charged with various sections of the Indian Penal Code pertaining to incitement to violence (Sections 153A and 153B), conspiracy to commit a crime (Section 120B), and unlawful assembly (Section 149).

About Article 142:

  • Article 142 grants the Supreme Court the power to pass such decree or make such order as is necessary for doing complete justice in any cause or matter pending before it. Hence option (b) is correct
  • Any order so passed or orders so made shall be enforceable throughout the territory of India in such manner as may be prescribed by or under any law made by Parliament and, until provision in that behalf is so made, in such manner as the President may by order prescribe.

Source: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/babri-masjid-demolition-ayodhya-court-6654380/


Consider the following statements regarding zombie fire

1.It is a fire from a previous growing season that can smoulder under the ground which is made up of carbon-rich peat.

2.It occurs only in the regions with Tundra vegetation.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: (a) 1 only

Explanation:

In NEWS: Zombie fires in a warming Arctic region a worry: Study

  • The fire regimes in the Arctic are changing rapidly, with ‘zombie fires’ becoming more frequent in addition to fires occurring in the once-frozen tundra.
  • A ‘zombie fire’ is a fire from a previous growing season that can smoulder under the ground which is made up of carbon-rich peat. When the weather warms, the fire can reignite. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
  • The second, even more worrying feature, is of fires in the Arctic spreading to areas which were formerly fire-resistant. The tundra — north of the Arctic Circle — is drying up and vegetation there like moss, grass, dwarf shrubs, etc are starting to catch fire. However, they are not limited to regions with Tundra vegetation. Hence, statement 2 is incorrect.
  • The fires and record temperatures had the potential of turning the carbon sink into a carbon source and increasing global warming.
  • It is also reported that how temperatures in Siberia in 2020 had risen, with the region recording a severe heat wave.

Source: https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/climate-change/zombie-fires-in-a-warming-arctic-region-a-worry-study-73605


Consider the following statements regarding Atal Tunnel

1.It is the 9.02 Km long tunnel connects Chenani-Nashri throughout the year.

2.It has been built with ultra-modern specifications in the PirPanjal Range of the Himalayas at an altitude of 3,000 metres from the mean sea level

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: (b) 2 only

Explanation:

In NEWS:PM Modi to inaugurate 9.02km Atal Tunnel connecting Manali to Lahaul-Spiti valley

  • Atal Tunnel is the longest highway tunnel in the world and reduces the road distance by 46km between Manali and Leh. Hence, statement 1 is incorrect.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi willinaugurate the Atal Tunnel under the Rohtang Pass that connects Manali to Lahaul-Spiti valley in Himachal Pradesh, which will be available for commuters throughout the year unlike earlier when the valley was cut off for about six months every year amid heavy snowfall.
  • The 9.02km long tunnel has been built with ultra-modern specifications in the Pir Panjal Range of the Himalayas at an altitude of 3,000 metres from the mean sea level. Hence, statement 2 is correct.
  • Atal Tunnel, which is the longest highway tunnel in the world, reduces the road distance by 46km between Manali and Leh and the travel time by about four to five hours.
  • It is a horseshoe-shaped, single tube double lane tunnel with a roadway of 8 metres and an overhead clearance of 5.525 metres.
  • Atal Tunnel has been designed for traffic density of 3000 cars per day and 1500 trucks per day with max speed of 80 km/hr.
  • It has the state-of-the-art electromechanical system including semi transverse ventilation system, SCADA controlled firefighting, illumination and monitoring system.

Source: https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/pm-modi-to-inaugurate-9-02km-atal-tunnel-connecting-manali-to-lahaul-spiti-valley/story-3YmUtzWMbnOWUtl65MGOyJ.html


Consider the following statements

1.CBD oil is an extract from the cannabis plant and the two main active substances in it are cannabidiol and delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol

2.Cannabidiol has effects on the brain, preventing the breakdown of a chemical that aggravates pain and affects mood, and mental function

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: (c) Both 1 and 2

Explanation:

In NEWS:Explained: What is CBD oil? What are the legalities of its use in India?

  • Late actor Irrfan Khan’s wife Sutapa Sikdar made an appeal to legalise CBD oil in India. Her appeal followed the criticism of actor Rhea Chakrabaorty after it was reported that she had administered CBD oil, used as a pain reliever for some, to Sushant Singh Rajput when he was alive.

What is CBD oil?

  • CBD oil is an extract from the cannabis plant. The two main active substances in it are cannabidiol or CBD and delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC. The high that is caused by the consumption of cannabis is due to THC. CBD, however, does not cause a “high” or any form of intoxication. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
  • CBD oil is made by extracting CBD from the cannabis plant, then diluting it with a carrier oil like coconut or hemp seed oil.

What are the effects of Cannabidiol?

  • Cannabidiol has effects on the brain, preventing the breakdown of a chemical that aggravates pain and affects mood, and mental functionHence, statement 2 is correct.
  • It can reduce pain and anxiety. It also reduces psychotic symptoms associated with conditions such as schizophrenia as well as epilepsy.

How is CBD oil used?

  • CBD is extracted from marijuana plants as either an oil or powder. These can be mixed into creams or gels. They can be put into capsules and taken orally, or rubbed on your skin. All topicals (cannabis-infused products) should be applied directly to the site of inflammation or pain to work in a specific area.

Source: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/cannabidiol-cbd-oil-cannabis-india-6670369/


Consider the following pairs:

Commonly used/consumed materials Unwanted or controversial chemicals likely to be found in them

  • Lipstick – Lead
  • Soft drinks – Brominated vegetable oils
  • Chinese fast food – Monosodium glutamate

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

  • 1 only
  • 2 and 3 only
  • 1 and 3 only
  • 1, 2 and 3

Answer: (d) 1,2 and 3

Explanation:

  • Lead is a common impurity found in cosmetic lip products, such as lipsticks, and other cosmetics, such as eye shadows, blushes, compact powders, shampoos, and body lotions.
  • Brominated vegetable oil is a food additive sometimes used to keep citrus flavoring from separating out in some sodas and soft drinks. It’s banned as a food additive in Europe and Japan.
  • MSG, is a glutamate, or salt of glutamic acid, a “non-essential” amino acid. It is a neurotransmitter – transporting messages from one nerve cell to another. Because it is said to enhance flavours, some scientists believe it “excites nerve endings” and exhibits “neuro-excitatory properties”, that is the ability to stimulate neurons. It is commonly used in Chinese fast food. Hence option (d) is correct