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Daily Prelims Test – 02_October 2020

 Consider the following statements regarding Cat Que virus

1) It was first isolated in 2004 from mosquitoes in India.
2) It infects both animals as well as humans.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  • Description
    In NEWS:Explained: What is Cat Que virus from China? Does it infect humans?
    • The presence of the Cat Que virus has been largely reported in Culex mosquitoes in China and in pigs in Vietnam.
    • The ICMR has warned, there’s a possibility of the virus causing disease across India due to the spread of similar species of the Culex mosquitoes in the country.
    About Cat Que virus
    • CQV comes under the category of Arthropod-borne viruses.
    • It was first isolated in 2004 from mosquitoes during the surveillance of arbovirus activity in northern Vietnam. Hence Statement 1 is incorrect
    • It infects both animals as well as humans.Hence Statement 2 is correct
    • Cat Que virus can cause febrile illnesses, meningitis, and paediatric encephalitis in humans.
    • For CQV, domestic pigs are considered to be the primary mammalian hosts
    • It has the ability to spread in pigs and other animal populations through mosquitoes.
    • Humans can get infected through mosquitoes as well
    Source: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-what-is-cat-que-virus-does-it-infect-humans-6634674/

A)1only
B)2only
C)Both1and2
D)Neither1nor2
Correct Options: 2 only



Crime in India 2019 report is released by which of the following organisations in India?

  • Description
    In NEWS: UP reported 25% of crimes against people from SC communities
    • National Crime Record Bureau has released “Crime in India” 2019 report. Hence option (b) is correct
    • The report recorded 45,852 crimes against SCs – or one every 12 minutes – across India in 2019, representing a rise of 7.3% from the previous year.
    • Uttar Pradesh accounted for a fourth of all crimes against Scheduled Castes in 2019, and pendency of cases across India in which the marginalised caste was the victim was nearly 94%
    • The report recorded 45,852 crimes against SCs – or one every 12 minutes – across India in 2019, representing a rise of 7.3% from the previous year.
    • Uttar Pradesh (11,829) reported the highest cases, followed by Rajasthan (6,794) and Bihar (6,544). The next two states in the list are Madhya Pradesh (5,300) and Maharashtra (2,150). These top five states accounted for 71% of cases of atrocities against Scheduled Castes.
    • Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India.The crime rate – which is a measure of crime cases relative to the population of SC – was highest in Rajasthan, followed by Madhya Pradesh and Bihar.
    • The pendency rate in cases in which the victims were SCs was significantly higher than the national pendency rate of 88.9%.
    Source: https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/up-reported-25-of-crimes-against-scs/story-13sLTLV0JXhI0vJnGqFaOP.html

    A) National Commission for Women
    B) National Crime Record Bureau
    C) Bureau of Police Research and Development
    D) National Human Rights Commission of India
    Correct Options: National Crime Record Bureau


Consider the following statements regarding Report of Time Use Survey in India

1) It aims to measure participation of men and women in paid and unpaid activities.
2) It is released by the National Statistical Office
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  • Description
    In NEWS: 38% engaged in employment, related activities in 2019: NSO time-use survey
    • The NSO, which is a wing of Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (released) has conducted the first Time Use Survey (TUS) in India during January to December 2019. The survey measures the participation rate and time spent on paid activities, care activities, unpaid activities, etc. Hence Statement 2 is incorrect
    • The primary objective of TUS is to measure participation of men and women in paid and unpaid activities. Hence Statement 1 is correct
    • As much as 38.2 per cent of persons who were of the age of six years or above were engaged in employment and related activities in the country in 2019.
    • As per the study, 57.3 per cent males were engaged in employment and related activities while the proportion was 18.4 per cent for females in the country.
    • In the rural areas, the proportion of women engaged in employment and related activities was higher at 19.2 per cent compared to 16.7 per cent in cities.
    • The study showed that all persons above the age of six years who participated in the survey, were engaged in self-care and maintenance.
    • Overall 53.2 per cent of participants in the survey were engaged in unpaid domestic services for household members. The proportion of females in the category was higher at 81.2 per cent compared to 26.1 per cent for males.
    Source: https://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/38-engaged-in-employment-related-activities-in-2019-nso-time-use-survey-120092901459_1.html

A) 1 only
B) 2 only
C) Both 1 and 2
D) Neither 1 nor 2
Correct Options: 1 only



Consider the following statements regarding ICGS Kanaklata Barua

1) It is the fifth and last in a series of FPVs built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers (GRSE) Ltd.
2) It is named after a teenage freedom fighter who was shot dead in bengal during the Quit India Movement.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  • Description
    In NEWS:Indian Coast Guard commissions new fast patrol vessel built by GRSE
    • The Indian Coast Guard has commissioned the fast patrol vessel “ICGS Kanaklata Barua” that was built by the Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Limited (GRSE).
    • It is one of the five fast patrol vessels that the GRSE has built for the Coast Guard.Hence Statement 1 is correct
    • These fast patrol vessels are powerful, fuel-efficient platforms that are designed to perform multi-purpose activities such as patrolling, anti-smuggling, anti-poaching, and rescue operations.
    • They are designed for a maximum speed of 34 knots, and an endurance of more than 1,500 nautical miles.
    • It is named after a teenage freedom fighter who was shot dead in Assam during the Quit India Movement.Hence Statement 2 is incorrect
    • The FPVs are medium-range surface vessels with a length of around 50 m, and a displacement of over 300 tonnes.
    Kanaklata Barua
    • She was one of the youngest martyrs of the Quit India Movement who has iconic status in Assam.She led the Mukti Bahini which was a procession of freedom fighters to unfurl the Tricolour at Gohpur police station in 1942.
    Source: https://indianexpress.com/article/india/indian-coast-guard-commissions-new-fast-patrol-vessel-built-by-grse-6664225/

A) 1 only
B) 2 only
C) Both 1 and 2
D) Neither 1 nor 2
Correct Options: 1 only


Consider the following statements regarding Eczema disease

1) It is a condition where patches of skin become inflamed, itchy, cracked and rough.
2) It is common in children but can occur at any age
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?


  • Description
    In NEWS: Here’s how you can control eczema and psoriasis flare-up during changing weather
    • While psoriasis and eczema do not spread to others, they do flare up during winters or cooler seasons, since the dryness of the skin increases, leading to more itchiness.
    • The body reacts differently to the changing weather, and those who suffer from skin conditions would know that weather always factors in whenever there is a sudden deterioration of the condition.
    About Eczema disease
    • Atopic dermatitis (eczema) is a condition that makes your skin red and itchy. Hence Statement 1 is correct
    • It’s common in children but can occur at any age. Atopic dermatitis is long lasting (chronic) and tends to flare periodically. Hence Statement 2 is correct
    • It may be accompanied by asthma or hay fever.
    • No cure has been found for atopic dermatitis. But treatments and self-care measures can relieve itching and prevent new outbreaks.
    • It is not a contagious disease.
    Key Highlights of the Study
    • Staphylococcus is a bacterium that is commonly found on the skin and the upper respiratory tract of every individual, some of which are harmless but some are harmful and cause disease.
    • The study found out that there is a complete separation of Staphylococcus species between eczema patients and healthy individuals.
    • The patients with eczema have only Staphylococcus aureus species, while healthy controls have only Staphylococcus hominis species.
    Source: https://indianexpress.com/article/lifestyle/health/heres-how-you-can-control-eczema-and-psoriasis-flare-up-during-changing-weather-6600916/

A) 1 only
B) 2 only
C) Both 1 and 2
D) Neither 1 nor 2
Correct Options: Both 1 and 2


With respect to Representative Concentration Pathway, consider the following statements:

1) It is a greenhouse gas concentration trajectory adopted by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
2) It is defined as a radiative force in watt per square metre due to the rising greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?


  • Description
    In NEWS: Greenland ice melting fastest in 12,000 yrs: Study
    • The Greenland Ice Sheet (GIS) is melting rapidly — faster than at any other time in the last 12,000 years — a new study has found.
    • The increased loss of ice is likely to lead to sea level rises of between 2 centimetres (cm) and 10 cm by the end of the century from Greenland alone
    • The largest pre-industrial rates of mass loss — up to 6,000 billion tonnes per century — occurred in the early Holocene (the period since the last ice age 12,000 years ago), according to the study.
    • Under a high-emissions Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 8.5 scenario — the one the GIS is now following — the rate of mass loss could be about four times the highest values experienced over the past 12,000 years, he added.
    About Representative Concentration Pathway
    • A Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) is a greenhouse gas concentration (not emissions) trajectory adopted by the IPCC.Hence Statement 1 is incorrect
    • It is defined as a radiative force in watt per square metre due to the rising greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the atmosphere.Hence Statement 2 is correct
    • Four pathways were used for climate modelling and research for the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) in 2014.
    • The pathways describe different climate futures, all of which are considered possible depending on the volume of greenhouse gases (GHG) emitted in the years to come.
    • The RCPs – originally RCP2.6, RCP4.5, RCP6, and RCP8.5 – are labelled after a possible range of radiative forcing values in the year 2100 (2.6, 4.5, 6, and 8.5 W/m2, respectively).
    • Since AR5 the original pathways are being considered together with Shared Socioeconomic Pathways: as are new RCPs such as RCP1.9, RCP3.4 and RCP7.
    Source: https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/climate-change/greenland-ice-melting-fastest-in-12-000-yrs-study-73616


A) 1 only
B) 2 only
C) Both 1 and 2
D) Neither 1 nor 2
Correct Options: 2 only


Sometimes the term Nadubhagam Chundan is seen in news, it is related to which of the following statement


  • Description
    In NEWS:In Kerala, fans, locals join hands to preserve legendary snakeboat
    • It was on Nadubhagam Chundan (snakeboat) that the country’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru hopped on after the snakeboat came first in an exhibition race during his visit to Alappuzha in 1952. On his return to New Delhi, Nehru donated a silver trophy, a replica of a snakeboat. Hence option (a) is correct
    • As time passed, the legendary snakeboat ceased competing and the Nadubhagam Boat Club (NBC) retired the snakeboat in 2013
    • Although the Kerala Tourism Department’s promise to set up a museum and shift the snakeboat there remains unfulfilled, the NBC
    Source: TH

A) The snake boat of Pallathuruthy Boat Club
B) Elephant festival of Kerala
C) Bird Sanctuary is located at Goa
D) All the given statements (a),(b) and (c) are incorrect
Correct Options: The snake boat of Pallathuruthy Boat Club


Consider the following statements regarding Tribes India E-Marketplace

1) It is an initiative of The Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India under Ministry of Tribal Affairs
2) It aims to include 5 lakh tribal producers for sourcing various handicraft, handloom, natural food products across the country
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?


Description


  • In NEWS:Tribal Affairs Minister Arjun Munda to launch largest market of Tribal Products ‘Tribes India E-Marketplace’
    • Union Minister for Tribal Affairs Arjun Munda will virtually launch India’s largest handicraft and organic products marketplace, Tribes India E-Marketplace. (market.tribesindia.com) on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti(October 2, 2020).Hence Statement 1 is correct
    On the occasion, Shri Munda will also flag off several other TRIFED initiatives that aims to support the tribal brethren. These include :
    • Inauguration of Tribes India’s 123rd and 124th outlets in Rishikesh and Kolkata respectively, taking forward the message of Prime Minister- “Be Vocal For Local” .
    • Inclusion of new tribal product ranges from the states of Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh.
    • Partnership of TRIFED/ Tribes India with Amazon in their Seller Flex program which will enable sellers and artisans to sell Tribes India products across India.
    • Launch of Pakur Honey by Trifed& Tribes India which is 100% natural honey. It is Multi Floral , Forest Fresh and has been gathered by Santhal Tribals of Pakur, Jharkhand.
    About Tribes India e-Marketplace
    • Tribes India e-Marketplace is an ambitious initiative through which TRIFED aims to onboard 5 lakh tribal producers for sourcing of various handicraft, handloom, natural food products across the country and brings to you the best of tribal produce. Hence Statement 2 is correct
    • The platform provides the tribal suppliers with an Omni-channel facility to sell their goods through their own retailers and distributors, TRIFED’s network of Outlets and eCommerce partners as well as their own account in e-Marketplace.
    • The E-Marketplace will help us in onboarding large number of Tribals and Artisans and give them the immediate benefits of online trade.
    • It will also facilitate B2B trade connecting tribals dependent on Minor Forest Produces and Medicinal plants to large buyers /manufacturers.
    Source: http://www.ddinews.gov.in/business/tribal-affairs-minister-arjun-munda-launch-largest-market-tribal-products-%E2%80%98tribes-india-e

A) 1 only
B) 2 only
C) Both 1 and 2
D) Neither 1 nor 2
Correct Options: Both 1 and 2


Consider the following statements regarding Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever

1) It is a widespread disease caused by a tick-borne Nairovirus of the Bunyaviridae family.
2) There is no evidence for Human-to-human transmission
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?


  • Description
    In NEWS:Maharashtra District On Alert Against Spread Of Congo Fever
    The Palghar district administration in Maharashtra has asked authorities to remain alert against a possible spread of the Congo fever.This is a matter of concern for cattle-breeders, meat-sellers and animal husbandry officials.
    About Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF)
    • The Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF), commonly known as the Congo fever, spreads in humans through ticks.
    • Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is caused by infection with a tick-borne virus (Nairovirus) in the family Bunyaviridae. Hence Statement 1 is correct
    • The disease was first characterized in the Crimea in 1944 and given the name Crimean hemorrhagic fever. It was then later recognized in 1969 as the cause of illness in the Congo, thus resulting in the current name of the disease.
    • CCHF outbreaks constitute a threat to public health services as the virus can lead to epidemics, has a high case fatality ratio (10-40%), potentially results in hospital and health facility outbreaks, and is difficult to prevent and treat.
    • CCHF is endemic in all of Africa, the Balkans, the Middle East and in Asia.
    • The virus is primarily transmitted to people from ticks and livestock animals.
    • Human-to-human transmission can occur resulting from close contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected persons.Hence Statement 2 is incorrect
    • There is no vaccine available for either people or animals.
    Source: https://www.ndtv.com/india-news/maharashtras-palghar-district-on-alert-against-spread-of-congo-fever-2302584

A) 1 only
B) 2 only
C) Both 1 and 2
D) Neither 1 nor 2
Correct Options: 1 only


With reference to the religious history of India, consider the following statements:

1) Sautrantika and Sammitiya were the sects of Jainism.
2) Sarvastivadin held that the constituents of phenomena were not wholly momentary, but existed forever in a latent form.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Description
Statement 1 is not correct: Sautrantika and Sammitya were the the sects of Buddhism. Hence Statement 2 is correct: Sarvastivadins (They who say “All is”), had the view that the constituents of phenomena (dharmas) were not wholly momentary, but existed forever in a latent form.

A) 1 only
B) 2 only
C) Both 1 and 2
D) Neither 1 nor 2
Correct Options: 2 only