UPSC CSE -SYLLABUS:GENERAL STUDIES-3-Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention

Cyberwarfare – A Growing Threat


  1. Economic:

Economically, in the US, 85% of cyberattack targets are in the private sector — small banks, for example, can face over 10,000 attacks per day.

US government agencies recently released a joint advisory warning that BeagleBoyz, a North Korean hacking group, has once again started robbing banks worldwide, including in India, through remote internet access to fund Kim Jong-Un’s cash-strapped regime.

Societally, sowing disinformation through social media disinformation is also cyberwarfare.

Russia has been particularly savvy in this field but recently, China has stepped up its game.

Intellectual property (IP) rights are another avenue of strategic competition — in 2014, the US justice department indicted five Chinese military hackers and accused them of stealing secrets from US Steel, JP Morgan, Alcoa, Westinghouse Electrical Co., SolarWorld and United Steelworkers.

Military cyberattacks are perhaps the most associated with cyberwarfare — the “Sandworm Team”, a group associated with Russian intelligence, has conducted attacks on government sectors in the US, Ukraine, Poland, and on the European Union and NATO.

Cheap and anonymity:

Cyberwarfare is both cheap and anonymous because,

Government agencies:

Individual threats:

Combatting cyberwarfare:

Source:”Hindustan Times”.


Cyberwarfare is here and poses a fundamental threat to both institutions and individuals, there has to be a concerted government-driven long-term strategy to counter it. Elaborate.