UPSC CSE Mains Syllabus: GS-2-    Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

Constitutional secularism Vs Party politics secularism

With the Forty-second Amendment of the Constitution of India enacted in 1976, the Preamble to the Constitution asserted that India is a secular nation. Officially, secularism has always inspired modern India. In practice, unlike Western notions of secularism, India’s secularism does not separate religion and state.

Constitutional secularism is marked by two features.

First, critical respect for all religions.

It is premature to pronounce the end of constitutional secularism; it has only suffered a setback and can be revived. Needed today are new forms of socio-religious reciprocity, crucial for the business of everyday life and novel ways of reducing the political alienation of citizens, a democratic deficit whose ramifications go beyond the ambit of secularism.

Source:”The Hindu”.


It is said that constitutional secularism has faced a setback and party political secularism is disrupting India’s secularist nature. Comment. What are the ways in which constitutional secularism be revived?