UPSC CSE Mains Syllabus: GS-2- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

In news:

Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology banned 59 Chinese apps, including TikTok, WeChat, and UC Browser, it did so through the powers of one law.

The government said that these apps were banned under Section 69A of the Information Technology Act, 2000 because “they are engaged in activities which are prejudicial to sovereignty and integrity of India, defence of India, security of state and public order.”

What is Section 69A?

Section 69A of the Information Technology Act, 2000, was introduced by an amendment to the Act in 2008.

It gives the Central government the power to block public access to any information online — whether on websites or mobile apps.

Under Section 69A, if a website threatens India’s defence, its sovereignty and integrity, friendly relations with foreign countries and public order, the government can ban it, after following due procedure.

The detailed procedures to do so are listed under the Information Technology (Procedure and Safeguards for Blocking Access of Information by Public) Rules, 2009.

Apart from this, a court may also issue directions for blocking information online.

The Department of Telecommunications, too, can issue blocking orders to internet service providers, to enforce licensing conditions.

Section 69(A) – Analysis:

Divulging the basis of the decision:

Internet rights:

India, it is very clear that our fundamental right to free speech and expression applies to online content (too).

Way forward:

It can also undertake broader reforms, as well as a review some procedures of Section 69A itself.

Cybersecurity needs to be strengthened. Also, there is a need to protect the data complaince mechanism. Creation of a data protection regime is necessary.

Finally, a balance between Internet rights and national security have to be found.

Source:” The Hindu“.


There is a need to attain a balance between Internet rights and National security. Analyse in light of the recent ban on Chinese apps using section 69(A) of the Information Technology Act.