UPSC CSE -SYLLABUS:GENERAL STUDIES-2-Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s

Assessment of India’s China policy

In news:

October 20, 1962, is embedded in collective Indian memory as a day of national humiliation when Beijing “surprised” Delhi over disputed territory in the Ladakh region and NEFA areas (now Arunachal Pradesh).

Fifty-eight years later, there is a correspondence of events, wherein India and China are currently engaged in a tense military stand-off along the contested Line of Actual Control (LAC) in the Ladakh region and a large number of troops have been amassed by both nations.

Could this exigency have been avoided or better managed?

Political warmth:

Post 2014:

Change in status quo:

A post Covid-19 world is struggling to emerge and it may be prudent for the government to back to the drawing board. The central objective would be to objectively comprehend the nature of the China challenge for India from October 1962 to 2020, beyond just the LAC impasse.

Source:” Hindustan Times ”.


Bring out an assessment of India’s political policy towards China when it comes to border issues. What could be the way forward henceforth?