UPSC CSE Mains Syllabus: GS-2- Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

In news:

The Director-General, World Health Organization (WHO), has acknowledged the success of Mumbai’s densely populated Dharavi slum in containing the COVID-19 pandemicMumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Ahmedabad and Bengaluru are among India’s major metropolitan agglomerations and are also the current foci of the pandemic within the country. This points to both the speed and the scale of the epidemic moving within densely populated areas as well as success in the way sustained municipal efforts and community participation can together blunt the spread of the virus. The case of Dharavi is an example.

Disaggregate the tracking mechanism:

District level governance:

Leveraging the colleges and Universities:

Health care as a career:

Testing as the only panacea:

Personalised care:

There is a need to build on expanding the network of monitoring exponentially. Through this, COVID-19 positive individuals should be able to monitor their own oxygenation status at home, along with basic fever management medicines.

This requires two bold administrative leaps:

  1. Ensure every positive diagnosis report is also delivered along with a pulse oximeter and phone number to call and report status on;
  2. Ensure that there would be enough oxygen-equipped beds in every nook and corner of the country.

Personal Protective Equipment:

There is a need to ensure that our doctors, nurses, laboratory personnel and floor workers in hospitals are protected with everything they deserve — personal protective equipment to safety at home, and salaries on time.

Pharma and Biotech:

In tandem, critical engagement from Indian biopharmaceutical and biotech companies should be encouraged to produce validated and affordable antiviral drugs and monoclonal antibodies.

India’s general health-care spending has been far below optimal. But if innovations to help manage the current crisis are suitably capitalised on, they can enable India to move far ahead in health-care delivery and related outcomes. COVID-19 is both a crisis and an opportunity for health-care reform as well as understanding the interplay of health outcomes with social and economic support interventions, and limitations of law enforcement in managing epidemics.

Source:”The Hindu”


India is the pharmacy to the world, and with a coordinated effort, the COVID-19 crisis can be used as an opportunity to ramp up the health care and pharmaceutical sectors in the nation.